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    CLAT Exam Pattern 2023: Mode, Marking Scheme, Number of Questions

    Edited By Shubham Bhakuni | Updated on Nov 23, 2022 04:47 PM IST | #CLAT

    CLAT Exam Pattern 2023: The Consortium of National Law Universities (CNLUs) has given the CLAT 2023 exam pattern. Candidates by referring to the exam pattern of CLAT 2023 may understand the question paper pattern and prepare accordingly. The pattern informs about the types of questions that may be asked in CLAT 2023, the marking scheme, subject wise marks distribution and other important details. As per the CLAT exam pattern, the test will be conducted in offline mode, and objective-type questions will be asked in the question paper. The test duration will be 120 minutes. Read the complete article below to know about CLAT exam pattern 2022, section-wise weightage, syllabus and other important details.
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    CLAT Exam Pattern 2023: Mode, Marking Scheme, Number of Questions
    CLAT Exam Pattern 2023: Mode, Marking Scheme, Number of Questions

    The CLAT exam will be conducted on December 18, 2022, for admission to 5 year integrated and one year LLM programme offered by the 22 participating National Law Universities (NLUs). The CLAT scores will also be accepted by over 70 law schools across the country.

    CLAT 2023 Exam Pattern - UG and PG Course



    Time duration

    2 hours


    Offline mode

    Type of questions

    Objective-type questions

    Number of questions

    CLAT UG - 150 questions

    CLAT PG - 120 questions

    Total marks

    UG CLAT- 150 marks

    CLAT PG - 120 marks

    Marking scheme

    Each accurate answer will receive 1 mark, while each incorrect answer will receive 0.25 mark.



    CLAT Exam Pattern 2023 - Key Details

    Type of questions asked in CLAT 2023

    As per the exam pattern, the CLAT 2023 will have multiple choice type questions that will be asked from comprehension passages.

    Comprehension passages and question

    There will be a total of 150 objective type questions divided into five sections. Each comprehension passage in CLAT 2023 will be followed by a series of MCQs. Candiates will have to answer the questions by reading the passages.

    CLAT 2023 marking scheme

    Each question in CLAT 2023 carries one mark. A negative marking of one mark per question will also be applicable in case of incorrect answers. Questions that are unattempted will not have any negative marking.

    CLAT Syllabus 2023

    Along with the exam pattern of CLAT 2023, the candidates should be aware of the syllabus of the examination. It will help them know the type of questions asked in CLAT 2023 exam and section wise distribution of marks. CLAT 2023 is divided into five sections - Legal aptitude, general knowledge and current affairs, maths, logical reasoning and English language. The section-wise details are mentioned below.

    CLAT UG syllabus 2023


    The total number of questions

    Percentage weightage

    English Language

    28-32 questions


    Current Affairs, including General Knowledge

    35-39 questions


    Legal Reasoning

    35-39 questions


    Logical Reasoning

    28-32 questions


    Quantitative Techniques

    13-17 questions


    CLAT Exam Pattern 2023 Analysis

    • English: Candidates will be asked to answer questions related to the paragraph. Candidates will be given comprehension passages of about 450 words each, from contemporary or historically significant, fiction and non-fiction writing.

    • Quantitative Techniques: This section will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial, or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions.

    • Logical Reasoning: This section will include a series of short passages of around 300 words each. Candidates will be required to identify patterns, logics and arguments and answer accordingly.

    • Legal Reasoning: In this section, candidates need to read passages of around 450 words each. The passages may relate to fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries.

    • Current Affairs including General Knowledge: Candidates need to answer questions related to the passages of up to 450 words each. The passages will be derived from news, journalistic sources, and other non-fiction writing.

    CLAT PG Syllabus 2023

    Candidates appearing in PG-CLAT 2023 are expected to have an understanding of graduation level. The CLAT LLM will have questions from common subjects of LLB programme. The details of syllabus are mentioned below.

    CLAT LLM syllabus 2023


    Total number of MCQ questions


    Constitutional Law



    Other Law Subjects, including Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR and Jurisprudence.






    CLAT Preparation Tips 2023

    CLAT is one of the most difficult law entrance exams in India, therefore getting a high rank can be challenging. Candidates need to give around six to seven months toward CLAT 2023 preparation. Here are some tips that will help candidates plan their CLAT preparation.

    • Read the CLAT syllabus thoroughly and go through the exam pattern as mentioned above.

    • Find the best recommended books and study material for CLAT preparation.

    • Make a daily schedule giving at leat five to six hours a day. Try to cover multiple subjects and topics.

    • Focus on conceptual understanding and make short notes. Revise your notes regularly.

    • Read daily newspapers such as The Hindu or The Indian Express

    • Solve the sample papers of CLAT 2023 and previous year papers to make your preparation more efficient.

    Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

    1. In the CLAT UG programme, how many questions will be asked?

    There will be 150 questions in the CLAT UG programme.

    2. In the CLAT PG Programme, how many questions will be asked?

    120 questions will be asked in the CLAT PG programme.

    3. Does the CLAT 2023 exam have any negative marking?

    Yes, for each wrong response, 0.25 mark will be deducted.

    4. What is the mode of the CLAT 2023 test?

    CLAT 2023 exam will be held in a paper-based format.

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    Questions related to CLAT

    Have a question related to CLAT ?
    Hello Vanshika,
    Hope you are doing good.
    So, generally there is no such thing called syllabus for the CLAT. However, for the purpose of general knowledge section, you will have to study, Constitution, Current affairs,   Static GK, History and Geography as well.
    So it's not about topics, just read everything barely and get to know the gist of the subject. That's it. For this you remember certain important articles like articles related to fundamental rights, fundamental duties, appointment and impeachment of judges, president, etc. Appointment of election commissioners, their powers and all. Just have in your mind the articles related to them and the powers entrusted with such articles.
    Good luck!!

    Hey aspirant,

    The below-mentioned resource pools the host relevant preparatory content to crack the CLAT examination.

    1.LegalEdge - TopRankers

    2. Success Mantra

    3. LawPrep Tutorial

    4. CLAT Possible

    5. HitBullsEye

    6. Law Entrance CL-LST

    7. Time

    8. Study IQ

    9. Abhyaas Law Prep

    10. Delhi Law Academy

    Good luck!

    Hello aspirant,

    Candidates will be asked questions in this section based on texts that are up to 450 words long each. The passages will draw from non-fiction writing, journalism, and other news sources. The questions are designed to evaluate the candidate's understanding of legal concepts or concepts linked to the passing. Candidates should be aware that there won't be any questions posed beyond the passage provided. Each of these chapters will include a series of questions that will test your general knowledge and awareness of relevant current events. The following topics have been included in this area by the Consortium of NLUs:

    Important recent happenings in India and around the globe

    Culture and the Arts

    the world's affairs

    Historical occurrences that are still important today

    A few pointers for preparing for the CLAT in current affairs

    1.Take a look at the test from last year.

    Understanding the structure of the general knowledge section of the CLAT is crucial after learning about it. 40–50 multiple-choice questions are present in this section. Verify the CLAT test questions from previous years to get a sense of the questions that were asked. Start practising using the available offline and online CLAT sample questions from previous years after you have a general idea of the format. You can get better grades by answering questions correctly and by being aware of the trend.

    2. Keep yourself updated and practise regularly

    Success in anything requires practise and consistency. If you want to ace all the general knowledge questions, be sure to stay up to date on current affairs and keep your knowledge current. By studying the topic for a few days, you cannot successfully answer general knowledge questions. The knowledge must be acquired gradually (at least for a year). Along with responding and practising questions, make sure you stay up to date with global current events. Keep up with the news and read the newspaper daily to keep current.

    3. Take CLAT practise exams

    Do you wish to understand how the CLAT test actually feels? Utilize practise tests! Attending practise exams will increase your accuracy and entrance preparation while also boosting your confidence in your ability to pass the test.

    Many centres provide test series. Numerous internet platforms offer practise examinations. Choose a mode that is convenient for you. Take practise tests for each subject so you can determine your general knowledge subject strengths and weaknesses. Additionally, try to deliver at least ten full mock exams to get a feel for the actual exam.

    4.Select your study materials carefully.

    One of the factors that will have the biggest impact on your CLAT score is the study material you choose. There is a tonne of study material available, both online and offline. By selecting the greatest and most precise study materials, you can have an idea of how the entrance exam will be. Numerous offline and online study resources make the claim to be able to assist you in passing the CLAT, but in reality they are full of inaccurate material and questions. Choose reading material that closely follows the format of the current exam and is appropriate for your level of comprehension.

    5. Eliminate speculative thinking

    The answer out of the four options would be something you would be reasonably certain of if you had done a decent job of studying for the general knowledge test. If you don't know the solution to a question, don't base your decision on conjecture. For each question you successfully respond to, you will receive one mark; if you don't, you will receive 0.25 marks less. You won't receive a point deduction for providing a negative response. Pick the correct response if you are certain. If not, your best option is to ignore the question about which you are confused.

    6.Limit Your Sources

    Attempt to limit the amount of current affairs information you consume. Candidate mistakes usually involve spending time by reading multiple newspapers. Make a choice, then utilise the internet sensibly. Use a top book for the CLAT  Current Affairs section.

    7.Pay attention to the curriculum

    Always bear in mind to concentrate on the topics covered in the CLAT UG curriculum when attempting to completely cover this section. After all, more passages should be expected for these subjects.

    8.Build your own notes

    The focus of current affairs is one-liners or, at best, three to four lines. Make your notes as simple to understand and retain the information as you can. All the important notes should be underlined using a distinct colour of ink. It is crucial to take your own notes because it has been established that writing is one of the finest ways to retain information. Remember that it would be impossible to memorise everything as well.

    9. Use online examinations or practise exams.

    Practice questions on current events and general knowledge are the greatest way to ace this section. This will also provide you a general sense of the questions that will be asked, helping you to assess your level of preparation or monitor your progress. But you shouldn't try this until you've made a few preparations.

    10.Use the Internet responsibly.

    There is enough material on the internet to cover anything, but how do you decide which link to click? A collection of General Knowledge pdfs that will certainly help you with your preparation for this subject is the most significant thing you will find. Before beginning to study something, it is always advisable to confirm its credibility.

    11. Review what you've read.

    Daily review and reading of current events are crucial because their volume increases daily. The notes will be helpful for review and for keeping in mind current affairs or recent news.

    I hope these suggestions prove to be helpful to you.

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