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    CUET PG LLM Syllabus 2023 - Download Subject-wise PDF

    Edited By Shubham Bhakuni | Updated on May 08, 2023 04:08 PM IST | #CUET

    CUET LLM Syllabus 2023 - The National Testing Agency (NTA) has released the CUET LLM 2023 syllabus on its official website. Candidates appearing in the national-level law entrance exam should refer to the CUET PG syllabus 2023 for LLM course. As per the details provided by the NTA, the CUET LLM 2023 will have 25 general questions and 75 questions on Law. The domain-specific CUET LLM syllabus 2023 is very vast and includes topics such as Law of Contract, Constitution, Law of Torts, Family Law, Criminal Law, Company Law etc. Read the complete article to know the complete CUET LLM entrance syllabus, paper pattern and related information.

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    CUET PG LLM syllabus 2023 - Overview of Paper Pattern


    Total no of questions

    Section 1

    General questions


    Section 2

    Domain-specific questions


    CUET LLM Syllabus 2023: General Questions

    The general questions in the CUET LLM question paper can be based on the topics of general awareness and current affairs. All 25 questions in this section will be multiple-choice type questions.

    CUET LLM 2023 Syllabus - Domain-specific syllabus

    Contract: General Principles of Contracts

    UNIT I - History – Formation of Contract – Agreement and Contract – Definitions – Classification ‐ Offer and Acceptance – Communication – Revocation – Essential elements – Invitation to Offer – Tenders. Consideration – Nudum Pactum ‐ Essential elements – Privity of Contract and of Consideration – Exceptions – Unlawful Consideration and its effect. Contractual Ability – Electronic Documents as Web Pages – Digital Certificates as Entry Passes – Time and Place of Contract – Secured Custody of Electronic Records.

    UNIT II - Capacity to Contract – Minor’s Agreements and its effects – Persons of unsound mind – Persons disqualified by Law. Free Consent – Coercion ‐ Undue influence – Misrepresentation – Fraud – Mistake – Legality of Object – Void Agreements – Agreements against Public Policy – Wagering Agreements – Its exceptions – Contingent Contracts.

    UNIT III - Discharge of Contracts and its various Modes – by performance – Time and place of performance – Performance of reciprocal promises ‐ Appropriation of Payments – Discharge by Agreement – By operation of Law – By frustration (Impossibility of Performance) – By Breach (Anticipatory and Actual).

    UNIT IV - Remedies for Breach of Contracts – Damages – Remoteness of damages – Ascertainment of damages ‐Injunction – When granted and when refused– Restitution – Specific performance when granted – Quasi Contracts.

    UNIT V-The Specific Relief Act Nature of Specific Relief – Recovery of Possession of movable and immovable Property – Specific performance when granted and not granted – Who may obtain and against whom – Discretionary remedy – Power of Court to grant relief – Rectification of instruments – Cancellation – Declaratory decrees – Preventive relief – Temporary injunctions – Perpetual and Mandatory Injunctions. Government as a contracting party: Constitutional provisions – Government powers to contract – Procedural requirements – Kinds of Government Contracts, their usual clauses, the performance of such contract, settlement of disputes and remedies.


    UNIT I -Salient Features of the Indian Constitution, Preamble, Citizenship, Fundamental Rights.

    UNIT II - Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties, Parliamentary Government, Bicameralism, Legislative-Process, Privileges, Council of Ministers, President of India, Governor.

    UNIT III -Judicial process under the Constitution, Nature of Judicial Review, Judicial Review Arts.32, 226 and 227, Court system in India, Judges‐ Appointments, conditions of service, etc., Advisory Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, Public Interest Litigation, Activism v. Restraint.

    UNIT IV - Federalism, Center‐State Relations, Freedom of Inter State Trade, Methods of Constitutional Amendment, Limitation on Constitutional Amendment.

    UNIT V - Emergency provisions, Services under the State, State Liability.

    Law of Torts

    UNIT‐I Evolution of law of torts‐ Nature and scope of law of torts; Meaning; Torts distinguished from Contract; Crime‐ Development of Ubi jus ibi Remedium; Mental elementsIntention, Motive, Malice in Law and in Fact.

    UNIT‐II General Defense, Vicarious Liability.

    UNIT‐III Negligence; Nuisance; Absolute and Strict liability. Legal Remedies‐Awards‐Remoteness of damage.

    UNIT‐IV Torts against person: Torts affecting body‐ Assault, Battery, Mayhem and False Imprisonment; Torts affecting reputation‐Libel and Slander, Torts affecting freedom Malicious Prosecution, Malicious Civil Action and Abuse of Legal Process; Torts affecting domestic and other rights‐Marital Rights, Parental Rights, Rights to Service, Contractual Rights, Intimidation and Conspiracy; Torts against property.

    UNIT‐ V Consumer Protection Act, 1986

    Family Law: Hindu Law

    UNIT – I Introduction ‐ Concept of Dharma ‐ Sources of Hindu Law – Modern and Ancient ‐ Importance of Dharma Shastra on Legislation – Two Principal Schools of Hindu Law ‐ Application of Hindu Law.

    UNIT – II Marriage and Kinship ‐ Evolution of the Institution of Marriage and Family‐ Law Prior to Hindu Marriage Act ‐A detailed study of Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 ‐Matrimonial Remedies ‐ Maintenance and Alimony; Customary Practices and legislative provisions relating to dowry prohibition.

    UNIT – III Hindu undivided family – Mitakshara Joint Family ‐ Formation and Incidents ‐ Property under both Schools – Kartha: His Position, Powers, Privileges and Obligations ‐ Debts –Doctrine of Pious Obligation ‐ Partition and Reunion –Religious and Charitable Endowment.

    UNIT – IV Inheritance and Succession ‐ Historical perspective of traditional Hindu Law relating to Inheritance ‐ A detailed study of Hindu Succession Act, 1956. Stridhana‐ Woman’s Property ‐ Recent State and Central Amendments to Hindu Succession Act; Gifts and Testamentary Succession – Wills.

    UNIT – V Law relating to Hindu Minority and Guardianship: Kinds of Guardians; Duties & Powers of Guardians; A detailed study of Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956; Maintenance: Traditional Rights and Rights under Hindu Adoption & Maintenance Act 1956.

    Criminial Law: Indian Penal Code

    UNIT – I General Principles of Crime; Conceptions of Crime; Distinction between Crime and other wrongs under common Law – Crime and morality distinction – Circumstances when morality amounts to crime ‐ State’s responsibility to detect, control and punish crime. Principles of criminal liability – Actus reus and mens rea (also statutory offences) and other maxims; Variations in liability – Mistake, intoxication, compulsion, legally abnormal persons; Possible parties to the crime: Principal in the I degree; Principal in the II degree; Accessories before the fact; Accessories after the fact. Indian Penal Code: General Explanation, Sections 6 – 33 and 39 – 52A; Punishment, Sections 53 – 75‐ Social relevance of Capital

    Punishment ‐ Alternatives to Capital Punishment ‐ Discretion in awarding punishment and minimum punishment in respect of certain offences with relevance to precedents (judgements).

    UNIT – II General Exceptions: Sections 76 – 106; Criminal act by several persons or group: Sections 34 – 38; Abetment: Sections 107 – 120; Criminal Conspiracy: Sections 120A & 120B; Offences against State: Sections 121 – 130; Offences against the public tranquility: Sections 141 – 160; Offences relating to election: Sections 171A – 171; Contempt of lawful authority and public servants: Sections 172 – 190; False evidence and offences against public trust: Sections 172 – 229; Offences relating to coins and Government Stamps: Sections 230 – 263A; Offences relating to weights and measures: Sections 260 – 294A; Offences relating to religion: Section 295 – 298.

    UNIT – III Offences affecting human life, causing miscarriage, injuries to unborn children ‐ Exposure of infants, concealment of birth ‐ Hurt, Grievous Hurt‐ Wrongful restraint ‐ Wrong confinement ‐ Criminal force and Assault (Sections 299 – 358).

    UNIT – IV Kidnapping, Abduction ‐ Slavery and forced labour – Rape: custodial rape, marital rape ‐ Prevention of immoral traffic ‐ Prevention of Sati ‐ Prohibition of indecent representation of women ‐ Unnatural offences, theft, robbery and dacoity ‐ Criminal Misappropriation of property ‐ Criminal breach of trust ‐ Receiving of stolen property – Cheating ‐ Fraudulent deeds and disposition of property (Sections 378 – 424).

    UNIT – V Mischief (Sections 425 – 440) ‐ Criminal Trespass (Sections 441 – 462) ‐ Offences relating to document and property marks (Sections 463 – 480) ‐ Offences relating to marriage (Sections 493 – 498 A) ‐ Defamation (Sections 499 – 502); Criminal intimidation and annoyance and attempt to commit such offences (Sections 506 – 511).


    UNIT – I Contract of Indemnity – Documents/Agreements of Indemnity ‐ Definition, Nature and Scope ‐ Rights of indemnity holder – Commencement of the indemnifier’s liability – Contract of Guarantee – Definition, Nature and Scope – Difference between contract of indemnity and Guarantee – Rights of surety – Discharge of Surety – Extent of Surety’s liability – Co‐surety. Contract of Bailment – Definition – Kinds –

    Duties of Bailer and Bailee – Rights of Finder of goods as Bailee – Liability towards true owner – Rights to dispose off the goods. Contract of pledge – Definition – Comparison with Bailment – Rights and duties of Pawnor and Pawnee

    UNIT – II Agency – Definition – Creation of Agency – Kinds of Agents – Distinction between Agent and Servant – Rights and Duties of Agent – Relation of Principal with third parties – Delegation – Duties and Rights of Agent – Extent of Agents authority – Personal liability of Agent – Termination of Agency.

    UNIT – III Indian Partnership Act – Definition – Nature, Mode of determining the existence of Partnership – Relation of Partner to one another – Rights and duties of partner – Relation of partners with third parties – Types of partners – Admission of partners – Retirement – Expulsion – Dissolution of Firm – Registration of Firms.

    UNIT – IV Sale of Goods Act – The Contract of sale – Conditions and Warranties – Passing of property – Transfer of title – Performance of the Contract – Rights of Unpaid Seller against goods – Remedies for Breach of Contract

    UNIT – V Hire Purchase Act 1972 – Rights and Obligation of the Hirer and Owner, Form and contents of Hire Purchase Agreements, Warranties and Conditions ‐ Standard Form of Contracts: Nature, Advantages – Unilateral Character, Principles of Protection against the possibility of exploitation – Judicial Approach to such Contracts – Exemption Clauses – Clash between two standard forms of contracts.

    Company Law

    UNIT – I The Companies Act, 1956 – Corporate Personality and its kinds – Promoters – Registration and Incorporation – M O A

    UNIT – II AOA – Prospectus – Directors – Meetings – Role of Company Secretary – Dividends; Brief analysis of corporate ethics.

    UNIT – III Issue of Shares – Types of Shares – Debentures – Procedure for allotment of shares and debentures – share capital – Rights and privileges of shareholders – Preventions of Oppression and Mismanagement – Different modes of winding up of companies.

    UNIT ‐ IV SEBI Act, 1992; Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 and Rules. UNIT ‐ V FEMA Act, 1999; Competition Act, 2002; Brief introduction to BPO & LPO

    Property Law

    UNIT – I General principles of Transfer of Property by Act of parties inter‐ vivos‐ Concept and meaning of immovable property‐ Transferable Immovable Property‐ Persons Competent to transfer ‐ Operation of Transfer‐ Conditions restraining alienation and restrictions repugnant to the interest created‐ rule against perpetuity and exceptions‐ Direction for accumulation‐ Vested and Contingent interest.

    UNIT – II Doctrine of the election‐ transfer by ostensible and co‐owner‐ Apportionment‐ Priority of rights‐ Rent paid to the holder under the defective title‐ Improvements made by bonafide holder Doctrine of Lis pendens‐ Fraudulent transfer and part‐performance.

    UNIT – III Mortgages of Immovable property: Definition‐ Kinds of mortgages and their features Rights and liabilities of mortgagor and mortgagee‐ Priority of securities‐ Marshalling and contribution‐ Charges.

    UNIT – IV Sale of immovable property: Rights and liabilities of seller and buyer before and after completion of sale‐ Difference between sale and contract for sale; Leases of immovable property: Definition‐ Scope‐ the creation of lease‐ rights and liabilities of lessor and lessee Determination and holding over; Exchange: Definition and mode‐ Actionable Claims; Gifts: Scope‐ meaning‐ mode of transfer‐ universal gifts‐ onerous gifts.

    UNIT – V Law of Trusts with Fiduciary Relations: Definitions of Trust and its comparison with other relationships like Debt, Ownership, Bailment, Agency and Contract; Kinds of Trusts‐ Creation of Trust‐ Appointment of Trustees‐ Duties and Liabilities of Trustees Rights and Powers of Trustees‐ Disabilities of Trustee‐ Rights and Liabilities of the Beneficiary‐ Vacating the office of trustee and Extinction of Trusts.

    Administrative Law

    UNIT – I Evolution‐ Nature and Scope of Administrative Law‐ Relation with Constitutional Law Separation of powers and concepts‐ Rule of law‐ Counsil d’ Etate, (French system) ‐ Classification of Administration Action‐ functions‐ Administrative direction and discretion.

    UNIT –II Legislative power of the administration‐ Extent of delegation and control over delegated Legislation‐ Sub‐delegation‐ Judicial‐ Parliamentary control over delegated Legislation.

    UNIT ‐ III Judicial power of Administration‐ Nature of procedure‐ Principles of Natural justice Effect of non-compliance with principles of Natural Justice‐ Exception to principles of Natural Justice.

    UNIT – IV Judicial control of Administrative action – Writs, Principles and Procedure ‐ Public Law Review and Private Law Review of Administration action‐ Liability of State – Torts, Contract‐ Promissory Estoppel‐ Government Privileges‐ Right of information‐ Doctrine of Legitimate expectation‐ Doctrine of Accountability‐ Waiver‐ Doctrine of Proportionality.

    UNIT –V Corporations and Public undertaking‐ Commission of Enquiry‐ Ombudsman in India (Lokpal and Lokayuktha) ‐ Central Vigilance Commission‐ Parliamentary Committees Civil services in India‐ Accountability and responsibility‐ Problems and Prospective Administrative deviance‐ Corruption‐ Mal‐ administration‐ Control mechanism of Accountability.

    Family Law–II: Mohammedan Law and Indian Succession Act

    UNIT‐I Development of Islamic Law: Advent of Islam & development of Muslim Law, Schools of Islamic Law, the Shariat Act, 1937; Concept of Marriage: Definition, object, nature, essential requirements of a Muslim marriage, classification of marriage ‐ Legal effects of valid, void and irregular marriage ‐ Muta marriage; Sources of Islamic law; Customary practices and State regulation: Polygamy; Child marriage; Pre‐emption; Wakf; Dower.

    UNIT‐II Conversion and its consequences on family: Marriage, Guardianship, Succession; Child and Family: Legitimacy, Custody, maintenance and education, Guardianship and parental rights.

    UNIT‐III Matrimonial Remedies under Islamic Law and Indian Divorce Act, 1869(Amended Act) ‐ Nullity of marriage ‐ Bar to matrimonial relief; Alimony and Maintenance: Alimony and Maintenance as an independent remedy‐ A review under Muslim law, Indian Divorce Act, 1869, provisions under the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973; Maintenance of divorced Muslim Women under the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986.

    UNIT‐IV Will and Inheritance: Will‐ Meaning, difference between will and gift, Will made in death bed or during illness; Muslim law of Inheritance‐ Shia and Sunni schools; Distribution of property under Indian Succession Act of 1925(Of Christians, Parsis and Jews) ‐ Domicile ‐ Parsis Intestate succession and Non Parsis Intestate succession, Succession certificate, Probate and letters of administration, powers and duties of executor.

    UNIT‐V Wills – Privileged and unprivileged wills ‐ Construction of Wills in brief ‐ Void bequests, void wills, kinds of legacies ‐ Protection of property of the deceased; Family Courts Act, 1984‐ Constitution, powers, and its functions; Need for Uniform Civil Code‐ Article 44 of Indian Constitution.

    Environmental Law

    UNIT – I The Idea of Environment: Ancient and Medieval Writings, Traditions, Natural and Biological Sciences – Perspectives: Modern concept, Conflicting dimensions, recent issues ‐Environment and sustainable development ‐ National and International Perspectives ‐ Population and Development.

    UNIT– II Environmental Policy and Law: Environmental Policy: Pre & Post Independence Period; From Stockholm to Johannesburg Declaration (Rio) and Role of Government ‐ Five-year Plans ‐ Forest Policy ‐ Conservation strategy ‐ Water Policy; Conservation of Natural Resources and its Management; Constitution and Environment: Right to Environment ‐ Constitutional provisions on Environment and its Protection ‐ Role of Judiciary on Environmental issues ‐ Evolving of new Principles ‐ Polluter pays principle ‐ Precautionary principle ‐ Public trust doctrine.

    UNIT ‐ III International Law and Environmental Protection: International conventions in the development of Environmental Laws and its Policy ‐ From Stockholm to recent conventions (Special Emphasis on Major conventions & Protocols) ‐ Control on Marine Pollution; Common Law aspects of Environmental Protection; Remedies under other Laws (I.P.C., Cr.P.C., C.P.C.) ‐ Riparian rights and prior‐appropriation.

    UNIT – IV Prevention and Control of Pollution: Pollution of Water, Sources, Legal Control, The Water Act, 1974 ‐ Pollution of Air, Modalities of control, The Air Act, 1981 ‐ Noise Pollution and its control, Noise Pollution control order ‐ Disposal of Waste, laws on waste, disposal and its control ‐ Trans‐boundary Pollution hazards & Regulation; Biological Diversity and Legal Order: Bio‐diversity and Legal regulation ‐ Utilization of flora and fauna ‐ Experimentation on animals ‐ Legal and Ethical issues ‐ Genetic Engineering ‐ Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 ‐ Forest Conservation Act, 1980 ‐ Prevention of Cruelty against animals ‐ Problems in Legal regulation of medicinal plants ‐ The Plant Varieties Act ‐ Wetland Conservation.

    UNIT ‐ V Environment Protection Act, 1986 including, Environment Protection Rules, Coastal Zone Regulation, ECO‐Mark, Environment Impact Assessment, Environmental Audit, Public Participation in Environmental decision making, Environment information, public hearing, Regulation on Bio‐Medical Waste.

    Labour Law

    UNIT‐ I Introduction to Law of Industrial Disputes Act, 1947: Historical Aspects‐Master and slave relationship‐Industrial revolution‐Laissez‐faire state‐Impact of Constitution on Labour provision; Definition and law relating to Appropriate Government‐ Award and settlement‐ Industry‐Industrial Dispute‐ Workman. Strikes and Lock‐out

    UNIT –II Industrial Disputes Act, 1947: Lay‐off –Retrenchment‐ Closure ‐ Unfair Labour Practices and Role of Government; Authorities under the Act (Chapter II) to be read with chapters II B, III and IV Adjudication and Arbitration; Restrictions on the right of the employer‐ Chapter IIA‐Notice of change, section 11‐A and sections 33,33A; Recovery of money due from an employer. Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946 and Disciplinary Enquiry

    UNIT‐III Trade Unions Act, 1926: Salient features of the enactment and important definitions ‐ Registration of Unions, Amalgamation of Unions, Cancellation and Registration of Trade Unions, Funds of the Union, Immunity enjoyed by the Union. Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923: Emergence of the legislation‐Total and partial disablement –Dependent‐Workman‐Wages‐Liability of the employer to pay compensation and

    right of the workman to receive compensation‐Accident “Arising out of and in the course of employment”‐ Occupational disease‐Doctrine of ‘Added peril’

    UNIT –IV Labour Welfare Legislations: The Employees State Insurance Act, 1948: Corporation, Standing Committee and Medical Benefit Council; Contributions; Benefits; Adjudication of disputes and Claims; Penalties. The Employees Provident Fund Act, 1952: Employees Provident Fund Scheme and Authorities; Miscellaneous. The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961‐ object and its scope.

    UNIT‐V Minimum Wages Act, 1948‐ Fixation of minimum rates of wages ‐ working hours and determination of wages and claims The Factories Act‐ its essential features, Safety, Health and Welfare measures. The Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970 ‐ object and its essential features.

    Criminal Law–II: Crimnial Procedure Code, 1973, Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Childern) Act, 2000 and Prohibition of Offenders Act, 1958.

    UNIT – I Introductory and Pre‐trial Process Meaning of procedure; The organization of the functionaries under the Code; their duties, functions and powers; First Information Report, complaint; Arrest; Types of trial and Features of a fair trial

    UNIT ‐ II Trial Process‐I: Magisterial Powers to take cognizance; Commencement of proceedings; Dismissal of complaints; Charge; Processes to compel appearance and production of things; Bail; Preliminary pleas to bar trial.

    UNIT ‐ III Trail Process‐II: Provisions as to Inquiries and Trials; Judgment; Appeals, Revision and Reference; Security for keeping peace and good behaviour; Maintenance.

    UNIT ‐ IV Miscellaneous: Transfer of cases; Execution, suspension, remission and commutation of sentences; Disposal of property; Preventive action of the police; Irregular proceedings; Limitation of taking cognizance; Compounding of offences and plea bargaining; Criminal Rules and Practice.

    UNIT ‐ V 1. Salient features of the Juvenile Justice (Care & Protection of Children) Act, 2000. 2. Salient features of the Probation of Offenders Act, 1958.


    UNIT – I Meaning and nature of ‘Jurisprudence’ ‐ Purpose and value of Jurisprudence ‐Schools of Jurisprudence: Natural law, Imperative Theory, Legal Realism, Historical School, Sociological School.

    UNIT – II Functions and purpose of law, questions of law, fact and discretion ‐ Justice and its kinds ‐ Civil and Criminal Administration of Justice ‐ Theories of Punishment and Secondary functions of the Court.

    UNIT – III Sources of Law: Legislation, Precedent and Custom ‐ A Comparative study

    UNIT – IV Legal Concepts: Right and Duty, Kinds, Meaning of Right in its wider sense; Possession: Idea of Ownership, kinds of Ownership, Difference between Possession and Ownership; Nature of Personality, Status of the Unborn, Minor, Lunatic, Drunken and Dead Persons.

    UNIT – V Liability: Conditions for imposing liability ‐ Wrongful act: Damnum Sine Injuria, causation, mens rea, intention, malice, negligence and recklessness, strict liability, vicarious liability, obligation.

    Clinical Course-I: Professional Ethics and Professional Accounting System

    UNIT-I The legal profession and its responsibilities; The equipment of the lawyer; Conduct in court; Professional conduct in general; Privileges of a lawyer; Salient features of the Advocates Act, 1961.

    UNIT-II Duty to the court; Duty to the profession; Duty to the opponent; Duty to the client; Duty to the self; Duty to the public and the state;

    UNIT-III Contempt of Court Act, 1972

    Selected major judgments of the Supreme Court:

    1. In the matter of D, An Advocate, AIR 1956 SC 102.

    2. P. J. Ratnam v. D. Kanikaram, AIR1964 SC 244.

    3. N. B. Mirzan v. Disciplinary committee of Bar Council of Maharashtra and Another, AIR 1972 SC 4. Bar Council Of Maharashtra v. M. V. Dabholkar, etc., AIR 1976 SC 242.

    4. V. C. Rangadurai v. D. Goplan and others, AIR 1979 SC 201.

    5. Chandra Shekhar Soni v. Bar Council of Rajasthan and Others, AIR 1983 SC 1012. 7. In Re an Advocate, AIR 1989 SC 245.

    6. In Re Vinay Chandra Mishra, 1995 (Vol-I) IBR 118.

    7. Supreme Court Bar Association v. Union of India, AIR 1998 SC 1895.

    8. Ex-Capt. Harish Uppal v. Union of India, AIR 2003 SC 739.

    UNIT-IV Selected opinions of the Bar Council of India

    UNIT‐V Accountancy for lawyers: Need for maintenance of accounts‐ Books of accounts that need to be maintained‐ Cash Book, journal and ledger Elementary aspects of bookkeeping: Meaning, object, journal, double entry system, the closing of accounts The cash and bulk transaction‐ The Cash book‐ Journal proper especially with reference to client’s accounts‐ Ledger, Trial balance and final accounts‐ Commercial mathematics.

    Mode of assessment: There shall be a written examination for this course for a maximum of 80 marks, and viva voce for 20 marks. The viva voce shall be conducted by the course teacher and the Principal.

    Public International Law

    UNIT‐I Nature, definition, origin and basis of International Law; Sources of International Law; Relationship between Municipal and International Law; Subjects of International Law.

    UNIT‐ II States as subjects of International Law: States in general; Recognition; State territorial sovereignty.

    UNIT –III State Jurisdiction: Law of the sea; State Responsibility; Succession to rights and obligations.

    UNIT – IV State and Individual ‐ Extradition, Asylum and Nationality; the agents of international business; diplomatic envoys, consuls and other representatives; the law and practice as to treaties.

    UNIT – V United Nations Organization ‐ Principal organs and their functions; World Trade Organization‐ Main features; International Labour Organization.

    Human Rights Law and Practice

    UNIT – I Jurisprudence of Human Rights; Nature, definition, origin and theories of human rights.

    UNIT – II Universal protection of human rights‐ United Nations and Human Rights‐ Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948; International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966; International Covenant Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1966.

    UNIT ‐ III Regional Protection of Human rights‐ European system‐ Inter American System‐ African System

    UNIT – IV Protection of Human Rights at national level; Human rights and the Constitution; The Protection of Human rights Act, 1993.

    UNIT ‐ V Human Rights and Vulnerable Groups: Rights of Women, Children, Disabled, Tribals, Aged and Minorities ‐ National and International Legal Developments

    Right to Information

    UNIT‐I Right to Information before Right to Information Act, 2005; Significance in democracy; Constitutional basis; Supreme Court on right to information.

    UNIT‐II RTI Act‐ definitions; Right to information and obligations of public authorities.

    UNIT‐III Central Information Commission; State Information Commission; Powers and functions of information commissions; Appeals and penalties.

    UNIT‐IV Other related laws ‐ The Official Secrets Act, 1923; The Public Records Act, 1993; The Public Records Rules, 1997; The Freedom of Information Act, 2002; The Commission of Inquiry Act, 1952; The Commission of Inquiry (Central) Rules, 1972.

    UNIT‐V Best practices‐ A study of decisions rendered by state commissions and central Commission in the following areas of – Police, Revenue, PWD, Irrigation, Secretariat, BSNL, Posts and Telegraphs, Scheduled Banks, CPWD, Income Tax Department, Central Excise Department, Local Authorities.

    Banking Law

    UNIT – I Indian Banking Structure ‐ Origin – Evolution of Banking Institutions – Types and functions of banks ‐ Commercial banks – Functions – Banking Companies in India – RBI ‐ Constitution, Management and Functions ‐ Banking Regulation Act, 1949 – State Bank of India‐ UTI, IDBI, RRBs’‐Local banks

    UNIT ‐ II Employment of funds ‐ Loans and Advances‐ Guarantees‐ Advances secured by Collateral securities‐ Agency Services‐ Financing of Exports‐ Special Banking Services – Advances to Priority Sectors and Credit Guarantee schemes‐ Securitisation Act, 2002.

    UNIT ‐ III Law relating to Negotiable Instruments, 1881 Act (Read with the amended Act of 2002) ‐ Negotiable Instruments ‐ Kinds ‐ Holder and holder in due course – Parties – Negotiation‐ Assignment – Presentment – Endorsement – Liability of parties – Payment in due course – Special rules of evidence ‐ Material alteration – Noting and protest – Paying banker and collecting banker – Bills in sets – Penal provisions under NI Act ‐ Banker’s book evidence Act.

    UNIT – IV Banker and customer Relationship ‐ Definition of banker and customer – General relationship – Special relationship ‐ Banker’s duty of secrecy, banker’s duty to honour cheques, banker’s lien, and banker’s right to set off ‐ Appropriation of payments ‐ Garnishee order ‐ Customer’s duties towards his banker. Opening of New Accounts – Special types of customers ‐ Minor’s A/C, Joint A/C, Partnership A/C, Company’s A/C, Married women’s A/C, Trust A/C, Joint Hindu family A/C ‐ Illiterate persons, lunatics, executors ‐ Precautions required in case of administrators, clubs, societies and charitable institutions to open an account

    UNIT – V Ancillary Services and E-Banking: Remittances ‐ General, DD, MT, TT, Traveler’s cheques, bank orders, credit card, debit/smart cards, safe deposit vaults, gift cheques, stock invest. E‐Banking ‐ Definition – E‐Banking includes ‐ Internet banking, mobile banking, ATM banking, computerized banking –E‐ banking services – retail services – wholesale services – E‐ Cheque‐ authentication‐Cyber Evidence‐Banking Ombudsman.

    Insurance Law

    UNIT – I Introduction: Nature‐ Definition‐ History of Insurance‐ History and development of Insurance in India‐ Insurance Act, 1938‐ (main sections) Insurance Regulatory Authority Act, 1999: Its role and functions.

    UNIT – II Contract of Insurance: Classification of contract of Insurance‐ Nature of various Insurance Contracts‐ Parties there to‐ Principles of good faith – non disclosure – Misrepresentation in Insurance Contract‐ Insurable Interest‐ Premium: Definition method of payment, days of grace, forfeiture, return of premium, Mortality; The risk – Meaning and scope of risk, Causa Proxima, Assignment of the subject matter.

    UNIT – III Life Insurance: Nature and scope of Life Insurance‐ Kinds of Life Insurance. The policy and formation of a life insurance contract‐ Event insured against Life Insurance contract‐ Circumstance affecting the risk‐ Amount recoverable under the Life Policy‐ Persons entitled to payment‐ Settlement of claim and payment of money‐ Life Insurance Act, 1956‐ Insurance against third party rights‐ General Insurance Act, 1972‐ The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 – Sec. (140‐176), Nature and scope‐ Absolute or no

    fault liabilities, Third-party or compulsory insurance of motors vehicles‐ Claims Tribunal Public Liability Insurance –Legal aspects of Motor Insurance –Claims – Own Damages Claims – Third Party Liability Claims.

    UNIT – IV Fire Insurance: Nature and scope of Fire Insurance –Basic Principles – Conditions & Warranties – Right & Duties of Parties – Claims – Some Legal Aspects.

    Introduction to Agriculture Insurance – History of Crop Insurance in India – Crop Insurance Underwriting, Claims, Problems associated with Crop Insurance – Cattle Insurance in India.

    UNIT – V Marine Insurance: Nature and Scope‐ Classification of Marine policies‐ Insurable interest‐ Insurable values‐ Marine insurance and policy‐ Conditions and express warranties‐ Voyage deviation‐ Perils of sea‐ Loss‐ Kinds of Loss‐ The Marine Insurance Act, 1963 (Sections 1 to 91).

    Alternative Dispute Resolution Systemts

    UNIT‐I General; Different methods of dispute resolution; Inquisitorial method; Adversarial method; Other methods‐ both formal and informal‐ like Arbitration, Conciliation, Negotiation, Mediation, etc.; Advantages and disadvantages of above methods; Need for ADRs; International commitments; Domestic needs; Suitability of ADRs to particular types of disputes; Civil Procedure Code and ADRs

    UNIT‐II Arbitration: Meaning of arbitration; Attributes of arbitration; General principles of arbitration; Different kinds of arbitration; Qualities and qualifications of an arbitrator; Arbitration agreement and its drafting; Appointment of arbitrator; Principal steps in arbitration; Arbitral award; Arbitration under Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.

    UNIT‐III Conciliation: Meaning; Different kinds of conciliation‐ facilitative, evaluative, court annexed, voluntary and compulsory; Qualities of a conciliator; Duties of a conciliator; Role of a conciliator; Stages of conciliation; Procedure; Conciliation under statutes Industrial Disputes Act, 1947; Family Courts Act, 1984; Hindu Marriage Act, 1955; Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.

    UNIT‐IV Negotiation: Meaning; Different styles of negotiation; Different approaches to negotiation; Phases of negotiation; Qualities of a negotiator; Power to negotiate.

    UNIT‐V Mediation: Meaning; Qualities of mediator; Role of mediator; Essential characteristics of the mediation process – voluntary, collaborative, controlled, confidential, informal, impartial & neutral, self‐ responsible; Different models of mediation; Code of conduct for mediators.

    Civil Procedure Code and Limitation Act

    UNIT – I Civil Procedure Code Introduction; Distinction between procedural law and substantive law‐ History of the code, extent and its application, definition; Suits: Jurisdiction of the civil courts‐ Kinds of jurisdiction‐Bar on suits‐ Suits of civil nature (Sec.9); Doctrine of Res sub judice and Res judicata (Sec. 10, 11 and 12); Foreign Judgment (Sec. 13, 14); Place of Suits (Ss. 15 to 20); Transfer of Cases (Ss. 22 to 25).

    UNIT – II Institution of suits and summons: (Sec. 26, 0.4 and Sec. 27, 28, 31 and O.5); Interest and Costs (Sec. 34, 35, 35A, B); Pleading: Fundamental rules of pleadings‐ Plaint and Written Statement‐ Return and

    rejection of plaint‐ Defences‐ Set off‐ Counter claim; Parties to the suit (O. 1): Joinder, misjoinder and non‐ joinder of parties‐ Misjoinder of causes of action‐ Multifariousness.

    UNIT – III Appearance and examination of parties (O.9, O.18) ‐ Discovery, inspection and production of documents (O.11 & O.13) ‐ First hearing and framing of issues (O.10 and O.14) ‐ Admission and affidavit (O.12 and O.19) ‐ Adjournment (O.17) ‐ Death, marriage‐Insolvency of the parties (O.22) ‐ Withdrawal and compromise of suits (O.23) ‐ Judgment and Decree (O.20); Execution (Sec. 30 to 74, O.21): General principal of execution‐ Power of executing court‐ Transfer of decrees for execution‐ Mode of execution‐ a) Arrest and detention, b) Attachment, c) Sale.

    UNIT – IV Suits in particular cases; Suits by or against Governments (Sec. 79 to 82, O.27); Suits by aliens and by or against foreign rulers, ambassadors (Sec. 85 to 87); Suits relating to public matters (Sec. 91 to 93); Suits by or against firms (O.30); Suits by or against minors and unsound persons (O.32); Suits by indigent persons (O.33); Inter‐pleader suits (Sec. 88, O.35); Interim Orders; Commissions (Sec. 75, O.26); Arrest before judgment and attachments before judgment (O.38); Temporary injunctions (O.39); Appointment of receivers (O.40); Appeals (Ss. 90 to 109, O.41, 42, 43, 45); Reference‐ Review and Revision (Ss. 113, 114, 115, O.46, O.46); Caveat (Sec. 144.A)‐ Inherent powers of the court (Ss. 148, 149, 151).

    UNIT –V Limitation Act

    Intellectual Propertly Rights-I

    UNIT I Introductory Aspects: Overview of the concept of property; Industrial property and non‐industrial property; Historical background of IPR; Importance of human creativity in present scenario; Different forms of IP and its conceptual analysis. Patents: Introduction and overview of patent protection; History of Patent protections; What is patent and definition of patent; Object of patent; Scope and salient features of patent; How to obtain patent; Product patent and Process patent; Specification – Provisional and complete specification; Procedure for patent applications; Register of patents and Patent Office; Rights and obligations of patentee; Transfer of Patent Rights; Government use of inventions; Biotech patents and patentability of life forms; Infringement of Patents; Offences and Penalties.

    UNIT II Trade Marks: Introduction and overview of trade mark; Evolution of trade mark law; Object of trade mark; Features of good trade mark; Different forms of trade mark; Trade mark registry and register of trademarks; Property in a trade mark; Registrable and non-registrable marks; Basic principles of registration of trade mark; Deceptive similarity; Assignment and transmission; Rectification of register; Infringement of trade mark; Passing off; Domain name protection and registration; Offences and penalties.

    UNIT III Introduction and overview of Cyber Intellectual Property; Intellectual property and cyberspace; The emergence of cyber-crime; Grant in software patent and Copyright in software; Software piracy; Trademarks issues related to Internet (Domain name); Data protection in cyberspace; E‐commerce and E‐ contract; Salient features of Information Technology Act; IPR provisions in IT Act; Internet policy of Government of India.

    UNIT IV Geographical Indications: Introduction and overview of geographical indications; Meaning and scope of geographical indications; Important geographical indications of India and their features; Salient features of the Protection of Geographical Indications Act; Protection of geographical indications;

    Misleading use of geographical indications; Registration of geographical indications; Right to use geographical indications; Infringement; Remedies against infringement; Role and functions of Registrar of Geographical indication; Conflict between Trade mark and geographical indications.

    UNIT V International Convention and Treaties: Paris Convention: Background; Salient features of Paris Convention; Governing rules of Paris Convention; Patent Cooperation Treaty: Background; Objectives of PCT; Salient features of PCT; Madrid Convention: Salient features; International registration of marks; World Intellectual Property Organisation: Background; Salient features WIPO; Organisation of WIPO.

    Penology and Victimology

    UNIT – I Introduction: Notion of punishment in law; Difference between crime prevention and control; Theories of punishments.

    UNIT ‐ II Kinds of punishment; Sentencing policies and processes; the riddle of capital punishment. UNIT ‐ III Prison reforms; Alternatives to imprisonment; Victimology‐ Introduction, history and philosophy.

    UNIT – IV Victimology‐ European experience; American experience; Victim witness assistance programmes; Restitution.

    UNIT – V Victimology ‐ Indian experience; Legal framework; Role of Courts; Role of NHRC.

    Interpretation of Statutes and Principles of Legislatiaon

    UNIT‐I Basic Principles; Guiding Rules; Internal aids to construction.

    UNIT‐II External aids to construction.

    UNIT‐III Subsidiary rules; Operation of statutes; Expiry and repeal of statutes.

    UNIT‐IV Statutes affecting the state; Statutes affecting the jurisdiction of courts. Construction of taxing statutes and evasion of statutes; Remedial and penal statutes.

    UNIT‐V Principles of Legislation.


    UNIT‐I Constitutional provisions regulating trade; Salient features of MRTP Act, 1986; Salient features of Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

    UNIT‐II Sherman Antitrust Act, 1890; Relevant provisions of Clayton Act, 1914; Relevant provisions of the Federal Trade Commission Act; Salient features of U.K. Competition Act, 1998.

    UNIT‐III Competition Act, 2002; Preliminary; Prohibition of certain agreements, abuse of dominant position and regulation of combinations. UNIT‐III Competition Commission of India; Duties, powers and functions. UNIT‐III Duties of Director general; Penalties; Competition advocacy; Important judgments of the Supreme Court.

    Law of Evidence

    UNIT‐I Introduction: Distinction between substantive and procedural law‐ Conceptions of evidence in classical Hindu and Islamic Jurisprudence‐ Evidence in customary law systems (Non‐state law)‐ Introduction to the British ‘Principles of Evidence’‐ Legislations dealing with evidence (other than Indian Evidence Act) with special reference to CPC, Cr.P.C., Bankers Book Evidence Act, Commercial Document Evidence Act, Fiscal and revenue Laws‐ Salient features of the Indian Evidence Act, 1861, Applicability of the Indian Evidence Act. Central Conceptions in Law of Evidence – Facts ‐ Facts in issue and relevant facts‐ Evidence‐ Circumstantial and direct evidence Presumptions, proved, disproved, not proved‐ Witness‐ Appreciation of evidence. Relevancy of Facts‐ Facts connected with facts in issue‐Doctrine of Res gestae; Sections 6, 7, 8 and 9 of Evidence Act‐ Evidence of Common Intention‐Section10, Relevancy or otherwise irrelevant facts‐ Facts to prove right or custom (Section13) Facts concerning state of mind/state of body or bodily feelings (Sections 14 and 15) ‐ Relevancy and admissibility of admissions, privileged admissions‐ evidentiary value of admissions (Sections 17 to 23).

    UNIT‐II Relevancy and admissibility of confessions‐ Admissibility of information received from an accused person in custody‐ Confession of co‐accused (Sections 24 to 30) ‐ Admitted facts need not be proved (Section 58); Dying declaration‐ Justification for relevance Judicial standards for appreciation of evidentiary value‐Section 32 with reference to English Law ‐Other statements by persons who cannot be called as witnesses‐ (Sections 32(2) to (8), 33)‐ Statement under special, circumstances (Sections 34 to 39); Relevance of judgments‐ General principles – Fraud and collusion (Sections 40 to Sec. 44); Expert testimony: General principles (Sections 45‐50) ‐ Who is an expert‐ Types of expert evidence – Problems of judicial defence to expert testimony.

    UNIT‐III Character evidence‐ Meaning – Evidence in Civil Criminal cases; English Law (Sections 52‐55)‐ Oral and documentary Evidence ‐Introduction on Proof of facts General principles concerning oral; Evidence (Sections 59‐60)‐ General principles concerning documentary; Evidence (Sections 61‐90)‐ General principles regarding exclusion by evidence (Sections 91‐100).

    UNIT‐IV Burden of Proof‐ The general conception of onus probandi (Section 101)‐ General and special exception to onus probandi (Sections102‐106)‐ The justification of presumption and burden of proof (Sections 107 to 114) with special reference to presumption to legitimacy of child and presumption as to dowry death‐ Doctrine of judicial notice and presumptions. Estoppel: Scope of Estoppel ‐ Introduction as to its rationale (Section 115) Estoppel distinguished from Res judicata ‐ Waiver and Presumption‐ Kinds of Estoppel‐ Equitable and Promissory Estoppel‐ Tenancy Estoppel (Section 116).

    UNIT‐V Witness, Examination and Cross-Examination: Competence to testify (Sections 118 to 120)‐ Privileged communications (Sections 121 to 128)‐ General principles of examination and cross-examination (Sections 135 to 166)‐ Leading questions (Sections 141‐ 145)‐ Approver’s testimony (Section 133)‐ Hostile witnesses (Section 154)‐ Compulsion to answer questions (Sections 147, 153)‐ Questions of corroboration(Sections 156‐157)‐ Improper admission of evidence.


    UNIT – I Concept of Tax‐ Nature and characteristics of taxes‐ Distinction between tax and fee, tax and cess‐ Direct and Indirect taxes‐ Tax evasion and tax avoidance‐ Scope of taxing powers of Parliament, State Legislatures and Local bodies. The Income Tax Act: Basis of taxation of Income‐ Incomes exempted from

    tax‐ Income from salaries‐ Income from house property‐ Income from business or profession and vocation‐ Income from other sources‐ Taxation of individuals, HUF, firms, association of persons, Co‐ operative Societies and Non‐ Residents.

    UNIT‐ II Income Tax Authorities‐ Their appointment‐ Jurisdiction‐ Powers and functions Provisions relating to collection and recovery of tax‐ Refund of tax, appeal and revision provisions, offences and penalties. Wealth Tax: Charge of Wealth tax, assets, deemed assets, and assets exempted from tax Wealth tax Authorities‐ Offences and penalties.

    UNIT‐ III Central Excise Laws: Nature, scope and basis of levy of Central Excise duty‐ Meaning of goods‐ Manufacture and manufacturer‐ Classification and valuation of goods‐ Duty payment and exemption provisions‐ Provisions and procedure dealing with registration and clearance of goods‐ An overview of set‐off of duty scheme.

    UNIT‐ IV Customs Laws: Legislative background of the levy‐ Appointment of Customs officers Ports‐ warehouses‐ Nature and restrictions on exports and imports‐ Levy, exemption and collection of customs duties, and overview of law and procedure ‐ Clearance of goods from the port, including baggage‐ Goods imported or exported by post, and stores and goods in transit‐ Duty drawback provisions.

    UNIT V Central Sales Tax Laws: Evolution and scope of levy of Central Sales tax‐ Inter‐ State sale outside a State and sale in the course of import and export‐ Basic principles Registration of dealers and determination of taxable turnover; Service Tax – Main features of Service Tax; VAT‐ Introduction to Value Added Tax.

    Intellectual Property Rights-II

    UNIT I Indian Copyright Law: Introduction and overview of copyright: History of the concept of copyright and related rights; Nature of copyright: Salient features of Copyright Act; Subject matter of copyright; Literary work; Dramatic work; Musical works; Artistic works; Cinematographic films; Sound recordings; Term of copyright; Computer software and copyright protection; Author and ownership of copyright; Rights conferred by copyright; Assignment, transmission and relinquishment of copyright; Infringement of copyright; Remedies against infringement of copyright

    UNIT II Biological Diversity Law: Introduction and overview of Biological Diversity; Meaning and scope of Biological Diversity; Biological resources and traditional knowledge; Salient features of Biological Diversity Act; Biological Diversity concerns and issues; Bio piracy; Regulation of access to Biological Diversity; National Biodiversity Authority; Functions and powers of Biodiversity Authority; State Biodiversity Board; Biodiversity Management Committee and its functions.

    UNIT III Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers Rights Law: Legal concepts relating to the protection of plant varieties rights; Legal concepts relating to the protection of plant breeders rights; IPR in new plant varieties; Policy and objectives of protection of plant varieties and farmers rights act; Plant varieties and Farmers rights protection authority; National register of plant varieties; Procedure for registration; Rights and privileges; Benefit sharing; Compensation to communities; Compulsory licence; Relief against infringement; National Gene Fund.

    UNIT IV Designs Law: Introduction and overview of Designs Law; Salient features of Designs Law; Procedure for registration; Rights conferred by registration; Copyright in registered designs; Infringement; Powers and duties and Controller; Distinction between design, trade mark, copyright & patent.

    UNIT V International Treaties / Conventions on IPR: TRIPS Agreement: Background; Salient Features of TRIPS; TRIPS and Indian IPR; Berne Convention: Background; Salient features of Paris Convention; Convention of Bio‐Diversity: Objectives of CBD; Salient features of CBD; International IPR agreements affecting the protection of plant varieties: The WTO Doha round of trade negotiations; International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources (“ITPGR”)

    White Collar Crimes (Provileged Class Deviance)

    UNIT – I Introduction ‐ Concept of white collar crime – Indian approaches to socio‐economic offences‐ forms of privileged class deviance – official deviance (Legislators, judges and bureaucrats), professional deviance, trade union deviants, land law deviance, upper class deviance, police deviance, gender based deviance, deviance by religious leaders and organisations.

    UNIT ‐ II Official deviance; Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.

    UNIT ‐ III Police and politicians’ deviance; N. N. Vorha Committee Report; Lokpal and Lokayukta institutions.

    UNIT – IV Professional deviance; Medical profession ‐ The Lentin Commission Report; Legal profession – Opinions of Disciplinary Committee of Bar Council of India.

    UNIT – V Gender based deviance – sexual harassment; Offences against scheduled castes and scheduled tribes

    Women and Criminal Law and Law Relating to Child

    UNIT‐I Women in Pre‐Constitution Period: Social and Legal Inequality; Social Reform Movement in India; Legislative response in India. Women & children in Post‐Constitution Period. Provisions of Constitution of India Preamble, Art.14, 15, 23, and Part IV Legal Measures in relating to Child Labour Women and Political Representation.

    UNIT‐II Different Personal Laws‐ Unequal Position of Indian Women‐Uniform Civil Code; Sex Inequality in Inheritance Rights: Right of Inheritance by birth for Sons and not for Daughters; Inheritance under Christian Law; Inheritance under Muslim Law; Matrimonial Property Law; Right of Women to be Guardian of her minor sons and daughters.

    UNIT‐III Law of Divorce ‐ Christian Law‐Discriminatory Provision; Muslim Law‐ Inheritance divorce. Women and Social Legislation: Dowry Prohibition Law; Sex Determination Test, Law relating to Prevention of Immoral Trafficking in Women Act.

    UNIT‐IV Women and Criminal Law: Adultery; Rape; Outraging the Modesty of Women; Kidnapping; Sati Prohibition Law; Law relating to Domestic Violence; Law relating Eve Teasing; Indecent Representation of Women Act.

    UNIT‐V Women and Employment: Factories Act‐ Provisions relating to women; Maternity Benefit Act; Equal Remuneration Act; Law Relating to Sexual Harassment at Working Place; N.C.W‐Aims, Functions and Performance.

    Law Relating to International Trade

    UNIT I Historical perspectives of International Trade, Institutions – UNCTAD, UNCITRAL, GATT (1947‐ 1994); World Trade Organization‐Objectives, Structure, Power; Most Favored Nation Treatment and National Treatment; Tariffs and Safeguard measures.

    UNIT II Technical Barriers to Trade; Sanitary and Phyto‐ sanitary measures; Trade Related Investment Measures (TRIMs); Anti‐ Dumping, Subsidies and Countervailing Measures; Dispute Settlement Process.

    UNIT III International Sales of Goods Formation and Performance of International Contracts, Various Forms and Standardization of Terms; Acceptance and Rejection of Goods, Frustration of Contract, Invoices and packing, Product liability.

    Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

    1. What type of questions will be asked in CUET LLM 2023?

    The CUET LLM 2023 will have 25 general MCQs and 75 MCQs based on various subjects of Law.

    2. What are the important topics included in the CUET LLM syllabus?

    The CUET LLM syllabus consist of various topics on Law. The important topics include Contract Law, Law of Torts, Human Rights Law, Important Judgments, Law Relating to International Trade, Intellectual Property Law etc.

    3. Will Delhi University accept the CUET PG score for admission to LLM programmes?

    Yes, the university will accept the CUET PG scores for all PG scores including LLM programmes.

    4. Can I get admission to National Law Universities (NLUs) by appearing in the CUET LLM?

    No, National Law Universities accept CLAT or AILET scores for offering admission to LLM programmes. These universities will not accept CUET LLM 2023 scores.


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    Radio Jockey

    Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

    A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.

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    Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

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    Individuals in author career path are someone who chooses a field to write in and can go about it according to his or her wish. It is considered one of the most careers for writers. Being an author and writing something which breaks all possible records is entirely in the hands of an individual. It is one of those careers where one gets to ‘be his or her own boss’. Not only an author could also be a freelancer or could do the job as a hobby or passion. Careers for writers are not just limited to writing novels or poems but also includes several other career options like screenwriter, copywriter, playwright, so on and so forth.

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    A career as an announcer is a creative profession and requires a lot of mind musing in terms of creativity as well as critical and analytical aspects. Also, the announcers working on television and radio networking sites are required to constantly maintain a social media presence. Having a social media presence not only helps them in establishing a strong public image but they are also able to engage in a better way with their audience. Through social media presence, they are able to know their audience’s feedback, what interests them, music requests, or programme contests.

    3 Jobs Available
    Video Game Designer

    Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages. Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

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    Talent Agent

    The career as a Talent Agent is filled with responsibilities. A Talent Agent is someone who is involved in the pre-production process of the film. It is a very busy job for a Talent Agent but as and when an individual gains experience and progresses in the career he or she can have people assisting him or her in work. Depending on one’s responsibilities, number of clients and experience he or she may also have to lead a team and work with juniors under him or her in a talent agency. In order to know more about the job of a talent agent continue reading the article.

    If you want to know more about talent agent meaning, how to become a Talent Agent, or Talent Agent job description then continue reading this article.

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    Film Maker

    Film making is an art performed by various creative people which can be defined as a creative and interpretive process that culminates in the authorship of an original work of art rather than a simple recording of a simple event.  Individuals who opt a career as film maker are required to envisage a way to translate a screenplay into a fully formed film and then realise the vision. Film maker’s job descriptions include overseeing the artistic and technical aspects of the film. Filmmaker job description involves organising the film crew in such a way to achieve their vision of the film and communicating with the actors. Individuals who opt for a career as a film maker are required to possess skills such as group leadership, as well as the ability to maintain a singular focus even in the stressful and fast-paced environment of the production set. Students can visit FTII Pune and JNU Delhi to study film making courses.

    This article talks in detail about how to become a filmmaker in India or is film director a good career.

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    Individuals who opt for a career as a reporter may often be at work on national holidays and festivities. He or she pitches various story ideas and covers news stories in risky situations. Students can pursue BMC (Bachelor of Mass Communication), B.M.M. (Bachelor of Mass Media), MAJMC (MA in Journalism and Mass Communication) to become a reporter. While we sit at home reporters travel to locations to collect information that carries a news value.  

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    Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

    3 Jobs Available
    News Anchor

    A career as news anchor requires to be working closely with reporters to collect information, broadcast newscasts and interview guests throughout the day. A news anchor job description is to track the latest affairs and present news stories in an insightful, meaningful and impartial manner to the public. A news anchor in India needs to be updated on the news of the day. He or she even works with the news director to pick stories to air, taking into consideration the interests of the viewer.

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    For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

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    In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. Ever since internet cost got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, the career as vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the career as vlogger, how to become a vlogger, so on and so forth then continue reading the article. Students can visit Jamia Millia Islamia, Asian College of Journalism, Indian Institute of Mass Communication to pursue journalism degrees.

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    Advertising Manager

    Advertising managers consult with the financial department to plan a marketing strategy schedule and cost estimates. We often see advertisements that attract us a lot, not every advertisement is just to promote a business but some of them provide a social message as well. There was an advertisement of a washing machine brand that implies a story that even a man can do household activities. And of course how could we even forget those jingles which we often sing while working.

    3 Jobs Available

    Individuals in author career path are someone who chooses a field to write in and can go about it according to his or her wish. It is considered one of the most careers for writers. Being an author and writing something which breaks all possible records is entirely in the hands of an individual. It is one of those careers where one gets to ‘be his or her own boss’. Not only an author could also be a freelancer or could do the job as a hobby or passion. Careers for writers are not just limited to writing novels or poems but also includes several other career options like screenwriter, copywriter, playwright, so on and so forth.

    3 Jobs Available
    Copy Writer

    In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism, Advertising, Marketing Management. Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

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    A career as a gemologist is as magnificent and sparkling as gemstones. A gemologist is a professional who has knowledge and understanding of gemology and he or she applies the same knowledge in his everyday work responsibilities. He or she grades gemstones using various equipment and determines its worth. His or her other work responsibilities involve settling gemstones in jewellery, polishing and examining it. 

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    Production Manager

    Production Manager Job Description: A Production Manager is responsible for ensuring smooth running of manufacturing processes in an efficient manner. He or she plans and organises production schedules. The role of Production Manager involves estimation, negotiation on budget and timescales with the clients and managers. 

    Resource Links for Online MBA 

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    Product Manager

    A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

    3 Jobs Available

    A career as a merchandiser requires one to promote specific products and services of one or different brands, to increase the in-house sales of the store. Merchandising job focuses on enticing the customers to enter the store and hence increasing their chances of buying a product. Although the buyer is the one who selects the lines, it all depends on the merchandiser on how much money a buyer will spend, how many lines will be purchased, and what will be the quantity of those lines. In a career as merchandiser, one is required to closely work with the display staff in order to decide in what way a product would be displayed so that sales can be maximised. In small brands or local retail stores, a merchandiser is responsible for both merchandising and buying. 

    2 Jobs Available
    Quality Systems Manager

    A Quality Systems Manager is a professional responsible for developing strategies, processes, policies, standards and systems concerning the company as well as operations of its supply chain. It includes auditing to ensure compliance. It could also be carried out by a third party. 

    2 Jobs Available
    Production Planner

    Individuals who opt for a career as a production planner are professionals who are responsible for ensuring goods manufactured by the employing company are cost-effective and meets quality specifications including ensuring the availability of ready to distribute stock in a timely fashion manner. 

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    Commercial Manager

    A Commercial Manager negotiates, advises and secures information around pricing for commercial contracts. He or she is responsible for developing financial plans in order to maximise the business profitability.

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    You might be googling Metrologist meaning. Well, we have an easily understandable Metrologist definition for you. A metrologist is a professional who stays involved in the measurement practices in varying industries including electrical and electronics. Metrologists are responsible for developing processes and systems for measuring objects and repairing electrical instruments. It also involves writing specifications of experimental electronic units. 

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    Computer Programmer

    Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover includes wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech-enthusiast. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word processing applications and browsers.

    3 Jobs Available
    Product Manager

    A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

    3 Jobs Available
    ITSM Manager

    ITSM Manager is a professional responsible for heading the ITSM (Information Technology Service Management) or (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) processes. He or she ensures that operation management provides appropriate resource levels for problem resolutions. The ITSM Manager oversees the level of prioritisation for the problems, critical incidents, planned as well as proactive tasks. 

    3 Jobs Available
    Java Programmer

    A Java Programmer is a professional responsible for designing, implementing, and maintaining Java applications. The individual in the java programmer job ensures that the designs are in compliance with the client’s or employing organisation’s specifications and transforms requirements into stipulations. 

    2 Jobs Available
    Application Tester

    Are you searching for an App Tester job description? An Application Tester is a computer science professional responsible for evaluating and assessing the new applications and programmes to ensure their functionality is in compliance with the set standards. He or she stays focused on the functions of the application that users are most likely to interact with. 

    2 Jobs Available
    Business Intelligence Analyst

    A Business Intelligence Analyst is responsible for making the extensive amount of available data useful to the company. He or she mines and analyses data to make recommendations concerning the growth strategy of the company to contribute in maximising its profitability. 

    2 Jobs Available
    .NET Developer

    .NET Developer Job Description: A .NET Developer is a professional responsible for producing code using .NET languages. He or she is a software developer who uses the .NET technologies platform to create various applications. Dot NET Developer job comes with the responsibility of  creating, designing and developing applications using .NET languages such as VB and C#. 

    2 Jobs Available
    Corporate Executive

    Are you searching for a Corporate Executive job description? A Corporate Executive role comes with administrative duties. He or she provides support to the leadership of the organisation. A Corporate Executive fulfils the business purpose and ensures its financial stability. In this article, we are going to discuss how to become corporate executive.

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