All About LLB - Law as a profession is a dream for many of us. The position of lawyer in our society holds some real power and prestige. For law aspirants, there are a few options to study law and become a successful lawyer, for example, they may go for the traditional 3-year LLB program, or they may opt for more the current 5-year integrated law course. Unlike the 3-year program, there are many different variants of the 5-year course like BA LLB, BBA LLB, B.Com LLB, and even B.Tech LLB. The 3-year LLB is an undergraduate programme that can be pursued after graduation in any field recognized by the Bar Council of India. The 3-year LLB academic curriculum will include topics on various aspects of law, like civil law, criminal law, family law, functioning of Judiciary, executive and legislator and their limitations, etc.
Bachelor of Law
Lawyer, Legal Advisor, Advocate, District and Sessions Judge, Public Prosecutor etc
LLB is an undergraduate law programme of 3 years, and one may pursue it right after passing graduate exam. LLB is a foundational course of law that is designed to make students aware of the deep intricacies of law and legal procedures followed in the profession. Apart from these, LLB also ensures that the law students develop logical, analytical and critical approach towards the social, legal issues of our society. The entire law course is divided into six semesters, and students start with the basics of law and gradually dive deeper into the law subjects. The common subjects of law include constitutional law, family law, jurisprudence, law of contracts, IPC, CrPC and others. Additionally, students are assigned internships and training programmes of law to further their knowledge and gain real life experience of a law professional.
As an intern, the law students work with legal entities, advocates and represent their clients in a court of law. Generally, internship starts from the second semester, and by the end of LLB course, students find themselves confident in handling litigations and legal cases.
To pursue the law profession, getting a law degree is not considered enough, After due completion of LLB, a law student appears in the All India Bar Examination (AIBE) which is conducted by the Bar Council of India every year. The Bar Council of India examines an advocate’s ability to practice law in India. And, after duly passing the All India Bar Examination, the LLB graduate is awarded ‘Certificate of Practice’ by the Bar Council of India.
The subject list given below is in accordance with the course structure of DU LLB. In other law colleges, the course structure of LLB may vary slightly but the major portion will be common.
LLB Subject list - DU LLB
Semester - 1
Semester - 3
Semester - 5
Jurisprudence - 1 (Legal Method, Indian Legal System, Basic Theory of Law)
Constitutional Law - 1
Law of Contract
Code of Civil Procedure and Limitation Act
Drafting Pleading and Conveyance
Law of Torts including Motor Vehicles Act and Consumer Protection Act
Law of Crimes - 1 : Indian Penal Code
Moot Court, Mock Trial and Internship
Elective Subjects - 1
Elective Subjects - 2
Semester - 2
Semester - 4
Semester - 6
Law of Evidence
Constitutional Law - 2
Professional ethics and Accounting system
Family Law - 2
Law of Crimes - 2: Code of Criminal Procedure
Alternative Dispute Resolution
Principles of Taxation Law
Public International Law
There are many entrance exams conducted for admission to LLB programme. A law aspirant, after fulfilling the eligibility criteria may apply for any law entrance exam of his choice, and may get admission in LLB programme offered by the law colleges. However, law aspirants should note that National Law Universities does not offer 3-year LLB programme. NLUs only give admission in 5 year integrated programmes of law.
Some of the popular law entrance exams for 3 - year LLB are given below.
Top law entrance exams for LLB
Banaras Hindu University
LPU NEST 2020
Lovely Professional University
MH CET Law
Directorate of Higher Education, Maharashtra
BVP CET Law 2020
Bharati Vidyapeeth University
Law schools of Symbiosis University
The LLB eligibility criteria may vary from college to college, but there are some common eligibility criteria that a candidate will have to adhere. The common eligibility criteria for LLB are mentioned below.
The aspirant must be a graduate in any discipline recognized by the Bar Council of India with at least 50% marks in graduation. Some colleges may take 45% marks into consideration while giving admissions to 3 year LLB programme.
There is no upper age limit for pursuing LLB course
Those candidates who are in the final year/semester of their graduation course may also apply, but their total aggregate should be a minimum of 50 or 45% as prescribed by the law colleges.
There are no National Law Universities (NLUs) that offer 3 - year LLB programme, but some other colleges do offer 3 - year programme. Some of the popular law colleges are given below in the table.
Faculty of Law, University of Delhi
Symbiosis Law School
Pune, Hyderabad, Noida
Bharti Vidyapeeth Law College
Dr. Ambedkar College Of Law
Indian Law Society College
Fee structure of 3 - year LLB programme varies from college to college. In some college like Faculty of Law, University of Delhi the total fees is around Rs. 5500 for the first semester which is relatively less than other law colleges. In Symbiosis University, fees for 3 year LLB program is around Rs. 225000.
After completing LLB, a law graduate will have several options for higher education. To get specialisation in any field of law, students may opt for post graduation or Diploma in their field of interest. There are many LLM programs for higher education in the field of law that impart specialisation. For eg. LLM in Human Rights, International Law, Constitutional Law, Labour Law etc. Many law colleges are offering LLM for a duration of one year or two year. Law aspirants may choose any one course after LLB.
LLB - Scope for Higher study
M.A. Human Rights
Master of Law (LLM) in intellectual property and trade law
Master of Law (LLM) in Constitutional and Administrative Law
Master of Law (LLM) in Corporate and Commercial Law
After LLB, there will be several employment opportunities. And, a skillful lawyer will hold a different aura and demand in the society. Some lawyers also turn themselves into social activists and participate in uprooting evil practices from the society and work towards bringing fundamental changes through their profession and skills.
We are mentioning a few popular law employment options that an LLB graduate can pursue.
To take up the legal cases of clients and represent in the court of law.
To offer legal services to the clients along with acting as an advocate.
Lower Judicial Services
Judge in District courts
Advises the entity/person in matters related to legal issues
Participates in social activities and contributes towards bringing legal changes in the society
A law officer, working on criminal proceedings on behalf of government or public
There is some significant difference between both these LLB programmes. The 5 - year LLB have additional elements in its course structure, Also, the eligibility criteria is different for LLB 5 - year programme.
LLB - 3years
LLB - 5 years
Graduation in any discipline recognised by the Bar Council of India
Intermediate with at least 45% (for SC/ST candidates 40% is required)
Majoly focussed on law subjects
Course structure include the subjects of Arts or Business Management along with law subjects
There are numerous job opportunities after completing LL.B. For eg. lawyer, legal advisor, public prosecutor, etc are some of the popular job profiles after completing LLB three year course
LLB - 5 year is considered equivalent of LLB - 3 year programme. So there will be job opportunities similar to LLB - 3 year programme after completing LLB - 5.
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