Law specializations in India
Law specializations in India - Law as a career in India is offering tremendous scope. In general, the formal legal education is provided on different levels and forms. Students who complete school education are provided with the option of a Bachelor’s degree in law such as BA LLB, BBA LLB, BCom LLB etc. At a higher level, there are post-graduation LLM courses which impart law specializations in India. Notably, the scope of the law specializations in India is rapidly expanding. For eg, the relatively new Cyberlaw, International space laws specialization have become very popular among students. Read the complete article to know what law specializations are offered in India and more.
Popular law specialization in India
Taxation law - In this field, the students are provided with in-depth knowledge of tax rules and regulations. The study in tax law mainly revolves around the legality of a tax imposed by the public authority, rationality behind a tax law. With a specialisation in Tax law, the students become aware of different types of taxes, related rule, tax credits and deductions, documentation of tax records or financial records etc.
Criminal law - The popular perception of a lawyer is generally depicted as one who fights a constitutional battle against crime. Criminal law includes the study of rules, regulations related to crime prevention. It also deals with the policy development to prevent crime and make an effective system of policing. A specialized criminal lawyer handles the crime cases inside the court of law.
Constitutional law - One of the most broad fields, constitutional law involves the deep study of the constitution, and understanding its different meanings and interpretations. Students in this course are taught about every aspect of the constitution of India, judicial process, different rulings of the Supreme Court and High Courts and their interpretation etc. It also includes the study and scope of individual rights against the state and study of the federal relationship of the country.
Environmental law - There are specialization courses in environmental law and policy development. The laws and rules related to the protection of the environment get inspiration from the Directive Principles of the Constitution and are now more organized since the enactment of Wildlife Act 1972. Specialization in environmental law deals with the study of different national and international rules and regulations and policies regarding environment protection.
Corporate law - One of the most popular law specialization in India, the scope of corporate law has increased manifold with the rise corporate sector mainly after the LPG reforms. Corporate law deals with the study of a state-corporate relationship, government policies regarding the activities of the corporate sector, regulating frameworks and others.
Intellectual property law - The scope of Intellectual property law is increasing rapidly across the world. There are international bodies like the World Trade Organisation (WTO) who form the basic framework of IPR laws. Similarly, the state also prepared the policy, rules and regulations to ensure that IPR’s of individual are recognized and protected. The specializations in intellectual property law involves the in-depth study of IPR rules and regulations and also deals with the research and policy development aspects.
How to pursue law specialisation in India?
Candidates looking for law specialisation in any field must complete school education, after which the window of opportunity is available for Bachelor’s in law degree. Candidates can pursue 3-year LLB or the 5-year LLB course by clearing the top law entrance tests such as CLAT, AILET, SLAT, LSAT-India, MHCET law etc. The specialisation course is generally provided in the form of the LLM under which various courses are available. For LLM also, one may clear the entrance tests like CLAT, LSAT-India, AILET etc. Some private colleges provide direct admission to the law courses on the basis of educational qualification.