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Legal Reasoning for CLAT 2025 - Legal Aptitude, Question Papers, Tips & Tricks

Legal Reasoning for CLAT 2025 - Legal Aptitude, Question Papers, Tips & Tricks

Edited By Marar Sumeet Sudarshan | Updated on Jun 18, 2024 02:24 PM IST | #CLAT

The CLAT legal reasoning section will carry a 25% weight in the CLAT 2025 question paper. CLAT 2025 legal reasoning will have questions on legal principles, prepositions and facts and legal current affairs. Candidates preparing for CLAT 2025 should prepare well for this section as it will help them secure a good rank.

As per the revised pattern of CLAT there are 28-32 legal reasoning questions in CLAT. The questions will be in MCQ form. Each question carries 1 mark while there is a negative marking of 0.25 mark for every wrong answer. Candidates should also note that some other sections of Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) such as general knowledge and current affairs, and English comprehension may also have paragraphs derived from legal journals, and articles. Therefore, having a good understanding of CLAT legal aptitude, and legal affairs will help the candidates in other sections as well.

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What is Legal Reasoning for CLAT?

The CLAT legal reasoning tests the candidate's legal aptitude and problem solving ability where the candidates are required to identify the rules and principles set out in the passage and assess how a change in those rules may affect the outcome of a given situation. The consortium specifies that no prior knowledge of law is required. However, candidates must posses a conceptual understanding of laws and moral principles to correctly answer the questions.

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Legal Reasoning for CLAT - Question Pattern and Marking Overview

Total number of paragraphs4-6
Number of questions28-32
Negative Marking0.25 Marks
Difficulty levelModerate with legal-technical language
Important topicsLaw of Contracts, Personal Law, Constitution,Volenti Non fit Injuria, Jurisdiction, legal maxims etc

CLAT Legal Reasoning MCQs

CLAT 2025 Legal Aptitude - Types of Questions

According to the CLAT exam pattern, the legal aptitude section will include questions from legal reasoning, legal GK, and assertion-reason-based questions. This section will include four to five passages each of 450 words followed by questions. The pattern followed in the previous year's paper of Common Law Admission Test is that most of the questions are based on the application of legal principles to factual situations. These passages will be taken from news articles, editorials, and journals.

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Legal Reasoning for CLAT 2025 - Topics

  • Recent legal news both current and static

  • Public policy questions

  • Moral philosophical enquiries

  • Awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues

Also Read | How to prepare for CLAT

Study Materials to Refer for CLAT Legal Aptitude Section

CLAT study material plays an important role in a student’s preparation. Candidates must refer to authentic study material rather than referring to any random material available on the internet. Below is the list of some useful books for CLAT 2025 legal aptitude and other learning resources:

  1. LexisNexis Butterworths

  2. Legal Awareness and legal aptitude by AP Bhardwaj

  3. Universal’s CLAT Guide

  4. Newspapers such as - The Hindu and The Indian Express

  5. Legal journals

  6. Legal current affairs

  7. News and editorial analysis

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CLAT Legal Aptitude - Analysis of previous year's paper


Number of questions

32 questions

Level of difficulty


Topics covered in the paper

Juvenile justice, Press and Registration of Periodicals (PRP) Bill, 2023, Digital Personal Data Protection Act, Family law,

Skills to be tested

  • Ability to Identify and infer the rules and principles given in the passage

  • Application of rules: Apply the given rules and principles to various fact situations

  • Manipulating the given rules: Understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations.

Also check -

How to Crack Legal Reasoning in CLAT?

Cracking legal reasoning is easy if one adopts the right strategy to approach this section. Candidates should refer to and practise with previous CLAT question papers, and sample papers to build speed and familiarity with the questions. There are also some good books on legal reasoning to develop a good conceptual understanding of topics.

Strategies to Solve CLAT Legal Aptitude Questions

Important tips and strategies that a candidate must keep in mind while attempting the legal aptitude section-

  • The first and foremost important step is to read the passage carefully and identify the principle set out in the passage.

  • The questions will be both straightforward and legal reasoning-based questions. The straightforward questions will test the ability to put forth the best conclusion or supporting argument related to the legal issue.

  • For the legal reasoning questions, students will be given hypothetical situations and will have to decide the case according to the legal principles given in the passage.

  • After reading the passage, move to questions. Read each question carefully to see if the question relates to the same facts as it is there in the passage or some different facts.

  • Once you have identified the principles and facts involved in the passage, try to break the principle into smaller parts that will help you in solving questions.

  • A passage may include more than one principle or set of incidents. Carefully determine which principle is related to the question that is being asked.

  • Read the passage and the question in its simplest sense. Do not try to answer the question based on your previous knowledge. The consortium will not expect you to be a master of law before even studying the law.

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Check-in details - How to Prepare for CLAT Legal Reasoning

CLAT Legal Reasoning Question

Given below is a sample question from the official CLAT 2024 question paper for candiadte's reference.

The Indian legal system places a significant emphasis on protecting the rights and welfare of children. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015, is a vital piece of legislation in this regard. It is designed to ensure that children in conflict with the law receive special care, protection, and treatment, with the ultimate goal of their rehabilitation and reintegration into society.

One of the key provisions of the Act is the establishment of Juvenile Justice Boards (JJBs) at the district level. These boards consist of a Metropolitan Magistrate or Judicial Magistrate of the first class and two social workers, at least one of whom should be a woman. The primary function of the JJB is to determine the age of the juvenile, the circumstances in which the offense was committed, and whether the juvenile should be sent to a special home or released on probation.

The Act makes a clear distinction between a “child in conflict with the law” and a “child in need of care and protection.” A child in conflict with the law is one who has committed an offense, while a child in need of care and protection is a child who is vulnerable or at risk and requires special care and support.

The Act introduces a unique approach to dealing with children who are in conflict with the law. For children between the ages of 16 and 18, who have committed heinous offenses, they can be tried as adults, subject to a preliminary assessment by the Juvenile Justice Board. This assessment considers the child’s mental and physical capacity to commit such an offense. If the board determines that the child should be tried as an adult, the case is transferred to the regular criminal courts.

The Act also places restrictions on the publication of information that could lead to the identification of a juvenile offender. This is done to protect the privacy and future prospects of the chil

What is the primary objective of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015?

(A) To punish child offenders.

(B) To rehabilitate and reintegrate children in conflict with the law.

(C) To remove all forms of violence against children.

(D) To increase the age of criminal responsibility

Who makes up the Juvenile Justice Board (JJB)?

(A) Two Judges.

(B) A Metropolitan Magistrate and two Lawyers.

(C) A Metropolitan Magistrate or Judicial Magistrate of the first class and two Social Workers.

(D) Three Police Officers.

What is the role of the Juvenile Justice Board (JJB)?

(A) To determine the punishment for juvenile offenders.

(B) To decide whether a child should be sent to a regular prison.

(C) To assess the age and circumstances of the juvenile, and make decisions on rehabilitation.

(D) To prosecute child offenders

What is the distinction between a ‘‘child in conflict with the law’’ and a ‘‘child in need of care and protection’’ ?

(A) There is no distinction; both terms mean the same thing.

(B) A ‘‘child in conflict with the law’’ has committed a crime, while a ‘‘child in need of care and protection’’ is vulnerable or at risk.

(C) A ‘‘child in need of care and protection’’ is more likely to commit crimes.

(D) A ‘‘child in conflict with the law’’ is an adolescent offender.

Under what circumstances can children between the ages of 16 and 18 be tried as adults?

(A) They can always be tried as adults.

(B) After a preliminary assessment by the Juvenile Justice Board.

(C) When they have committed any offense, regardless of the severity.

(D) When they reach the age of 18.

What is the purpose of placing restrictions on the publication of information related to juvenile offenders?

(A) To increase the age of criminal responsibility.

(B) To protect the privacy and future prospects of the child.

(C) To encourage public shaming of juvenile offenders.

(D) To help law enforcement track juvenile offenders

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Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. How many questions are there in the legal aptitude sections?

There will be 4 to 5 passages in CLAT legal aptitude. Each passage will be followed by a series of 4-5 MCQs. Overall, there will be a total of 28-32 questions.

2. Is the legal aptitude section removed from the syllabus of CLAT 2025?

The legal aptitude section is now known as legal reasoning. These passages will relate to real-life circumstances or scenarios involving legal issues, public policy issues, or moral philosophical dilemmas.

3. Is the legal reasoning section tough to solve?

The legal reasoning section is considered to be the toughest section but with consistent practice of mock test you can easily crack this section.

4. What are the topics under legal reasoning for CLAT?

Important topics under legal reasoning for CLAT include recent legal news both current and static, public policy questions, moral philosophical enquiries, awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues.


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Questions related to CLAT

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Hello aspirant,

On July 7, 2024, the Consortium of National Law Universities (NLUs) will publish the CLAT 2025 announcement in a variety of print and digital media. The CLAT 2025 exam date was previously announced by the consortium on May 6. The notice states that the offline CLAT exam 2025 will take place on December 1. Candidates who meet the requirements and would like to participate in CLAT 2025 can register online and submit their applications at, the official website.

For more information you can visit our website by clicking on the link given below.

Thank you

Hope this information helps you.

If you remember registering for CLAT 2024, you should have received a confirmation email or message containing your application number. It might also be available on your account dashboard if you created one on the CLAT website

The admit card for CLAT 2024 (if applicable) likely won't be available yet. Admit cards are typically released a few weeks before the exam. You'll need your CLAT application number and password to download it from the official CLAT website

I hope it helps!

Hello Aspirant  , Hope your doing great . As per your query , if you get first rank in CLAT you have to pay fee in NLUS but yo may get consession but you have to  pay fee

Yes you can absolutely pursue three year LLB course in Common Law Admission Test (CLAT). In contrast with other competitive examinations, CLAT does not have any age limitation. The CLAT registration process for 2025 will start from 15th JULY, 2024 and the exam will be held on 1st December, 2024.

For further information about CLAT 2025 examination, you can click the link attached below.

View All


Option: 1


Option: 2


Option: 3


Option: 4


125 toffees cost Rs. 75, Find the cost of one million toffees if there is a discount of 40% on the selling price for this quantity.


Option: 1


Option: 2

Rs. 3,20,000

Option: 3


Option: 4


14. Find the present value (in Rs.) of Rs.3000 due after 5 years at 10% p.a. simple interest.

Option: 1


Option: 2


Option: 3


Option: 4


24. Raju took a loan at 8% per annum simple interest for a period of 5 years. At the end of five years he paid Rs.10640 to clear his loan. How much loan did he take?

Option: 1


Option: 2


Option: 3


Option: 4


'A' carelessly left an iron pole across a public road 300 m from that spot was a traffic signal indicating speed limit to be 20 kmph. B, riding a scooter at 80 kmph, noticed the protrusion from a distance, but still could not avoid it, collided with the pole and was injured. In an action by B against A.

Option: 1

B will lose as he was driving very fast

Option: 2

B will lose for some other reasons

Option: 3

B will succeed, because A was careless

Option: 4

B will succeed, because A could have avoided the mishap by putting up a warning

'A' was having a get together with his old friends and on his friend's suggestions, he consumed some alcohol. On his way back to home at night, 'A' heard some footsteps and turning back, he imagined he saw a figure moving towards him with a spear. In fact, it was only a man, 'B' with an umbrella, who was telling 'A' to walk carefully since 'A' appeared to be unsteady. However, 'A' proceeded to attack 'B' with an iron rod leading to grave injuries to 'B'. Is 'A' guilty of causing grievous hurt to 'B'?

Option: 1

No, 'A' is not guilty because in his intoxicated state, the umbrella appeared a spear to him and he exercised his right of private defence.

Option: 2

No, 'A' is not guilty because 'B' could have attacked 'A' with his umbrella

Option: 3

No, 'A' is not guilty because he was intoxicated on the suggestions of his friends and was incapable of knowing that he was savagely attacking a man, who was carrying only an umbrella

Option: 4

Yes, 'A' is guilty because he got intoxicated voluntarily and under the effect of this voluntary intoxication, he attacked and caused grievous injuries to 'B' who posed no threat to him in fart

'A"s cattle was being regularly stolen and 'A' was unable to apprehend the thief. One night, 'A' finally manages to catch 'B' untying his cow from the cowshed under the cover of darkness. 'A' slowly crept up to 'B' and slashed his neck with a sickle leading to the death of 'B' Is 'A' guilty of the offence of culpable homicide?

Option: 1

No, 'A' was only exercising his right of private defence of property

Option: 2

No, 'B' continued stealing of his cattle would have rendered his business inoperable

Option: 3

Yes, 'A' had no reasonable apprehension that 'A' could suffer any grievous hurt if he did not kill 'B'

Option: 4

Yes, 'A' should have first challenged 'B' to surrender before taking any steps to cause 'B's death

A, a 15 year old girl, having been rebuked by her mother leaves her house. At railway station she met the accused who takes her to his house. He provides her clothes, money and ornaments at his house and has sexual intercourse with the girl with her consent. What offence has been committed?

Option: 1

The mother is accused of maltreatment.

Option: 2

The accused is guilty of rape.  

Option: 3

The accused is not guilty.

Option: 4

None of the above.

A, a 15 year old girl, left her mother’s house and joined the accused because her mother has turned down the proposal of her marriage with the accused on the ground that she was too young. While she was with the accused he had sexual intercourse with her against her will. What offence has been committed?

Option: 1 None

Option: 2 None

Option: 3 None

Option: 4 None

A, a chain snatcher, forcibly pulled the ear rings from the ears of an old lady. Both the ear lobes were torn and the old lady suffered pain and suffering for over three weeks. For what offence can A be prosecuted? What offence have been committed?

Option: 1

He is guilty of theft.

Option: 2

A is guilty of voluntarily causing ‘grievous hurt’.

Option: 3

He is guilty of rash and negligent.

Option: 4

None of the above.

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