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CLAT Legal Reasoning Preparation Tips 2025 - Preparation Tips & Tricks

CLAT Legal Reasoning Preparation Tips 2025 - Preparation Tips & Tricks

Edited By Ritika Jonwal | Updated on Jun 12, 2024 12:05 PM IST | #CLAT

CLAT Legal Reasoning Preparation Tips 2025 - Hello buddies!!!!! Hope you are doing all well. As the CLAT examination is approaching your heart must be throbbing in anticipation and you must be haphazard about how to deal with this upcoming Everest. The Everest climb referred here to is the CLAT 2025, which will be held on 1st December 2024 and AILET on 8th December 2024. Well, everything is easy when you have a plan as it is known 'Man with a plan never fails'. Since the Legal Reasoning section plays one of the major roles in the CLAT exam, the questions that are asked are quite tricky and mostly judge the students' decision-making and critical ability skills. In this article let's discuss CLAT legal reasoning preparation tips.

Well, this year a change has been seen in the exam pattern of CLAT 2025. Previously, 120 mins for 150 passage-based questions was provided but now it will be 120 mins for 120 passage-based questions. This was done by the consortium of NLUs to make the exam student-friendly. It will not only ease up the exam but also bring fierce competition among the aspirants.

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CLAT Legal Reasoning Questions

Given below are the Legal Reasoning questions for CLAT. If a student wants to practice more questions please refer to CLAT Study Material from Careers360 where you will find the CLAT Legal Reasoning Questions with Answers in detail along with the CLAT Legal Reasoning concepts for a better understanding

How to prepare for the Legal reasoning in CLAT - What's the weightage?

Previously, when the CLAT examination had 150 questions the proportion for legal was 8 (eight) passages for 40(forty) questions which is approximately 27% of the total marks. As per this year, even though the number of questions has decreased 5-6 passages are expected out of legal Aptitude.

The consortium of NLUs has not made any distinction between various sections of the CLAT examination but as per understanding from previous years experience

  • English will have around 5 passages

  • General knowledge/current affairs will have around 5 passages

  • Legal Aptitude will have around 5 passages

  • Logical reasoning will have around 5 passages

  • Quantitative aptitude will have around 4 passages.

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How to prepare Legal reasoning for CLAT 2025

Legal reasoning is an important aspect of the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) as it helps assess a candidate's ability to interpret and apply the law. This exam tests a candidate's analytical and logical thinking skills, which are essential for a successful legal career. CLAT's legal reasoning includes the following key elements:

  • Reading comprehension: Candidates must understand complex legal texts and extract relevant information to answer questions. This tests your ability to understand legal principles and their implications.

  • Logical Thinking: This section assesses the candidate's logical thinking skills. Candidates are presented with a variety of logic puzzles, syllogisms, and other analytical questions to solve. Deductive reasoning must be used to determine the correct answer.

  • Legal knowledge: Candidates should have a basic understanding of the Indian legal system, constitution, criminal law, contract law, tort law, etc. You should be able to apply legal principles to a hypothetical situation.

  • Legal compliance: This section tests the candidate's ability to apply the principles of law to specific situations. Candidates must analyse legal issues, identify legal issues, and provide reasonable solutions.

  • Case analysis: Candidates can also be presented with excerpts from legal cases and legal judgments. They must read and understand the information provided, interpret legal principles, and answer questions based on their understanding.

  • Legal Principles and Terminology: Candidates are expected to be familiar with a variety of legal maxims, Latin terms, and legal jargon. This knowledge will help you read through the text and apply the correct interpretation.

CLAT English Language Question Paper (2020-2024)
Enhance your preparation to crack the CLAT upcoming exam with the CLAT English Language section previous year's question papers (2020-2024) with In-depth solutions.
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Let's decode how to prepare for CLAT Legal Reasoning 2025 - Quick Tips

1. Understand the syllabus

The first step in preparing for CLAT legal reasoning is familiarising yourself with the CLAT exam syllabus. A syllabus typically includes topics such as legal principles, legal facts, legal justification, and legal maxims. Make sure you fully understand each topic to effectively prepare for the exam.

The CLAT is not restricted to certain topics; it's a vast sea of knowledge applied reasonably. As said on the official website the aspirants do not need prior knowledge of the law but have seen in a few passages since 2020 that the basics of the law are a must needed to solve the questions.

Topics to deal with CLAT legal reasoning:

  1. Law of Contracts - Offer, acceptance, essentials of contract, e-contract, competency to contract, guarantee, bailment, wagering and contingent contract, indemnity, types of damages, etc.

  2. Law of torts - Essentials of tort, defences (volenti non-fit injuria, plaintiff the wrongdoer, mistake of fact or law, statutory authority) negligence, trespass, defamation, nuisance, malicious prosecution.

  3. Constitutional law -Preamble, Citizenship, Fundamental rights, Fundamental Duties, directive principles of state policy, Judiciary, Executive, Legislature, Amendments, Schedules, Landmark judgements

  4. Law of crimes -General defences, Definitions of crime, Culpable homicide not amounting to murder and culpable homicide amounting to murder, Theft, Robbery, Extortion, Dacoity, Kidnapping, Abduction, etc.

  5. Family laws - Marriage, Divorce, Judicial separation, Maintenance, CrPc 125, etc.

  6. Intellectual property rights(IPR)

  7. Basics of property laws

  8. International Law - International Law, International treaties, War cases, etc.

  9. Legal current affairs

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2. CLAT Study Material: How to study legal reasoning for CLAT

Get quality study materials covering all topics related to CLAT legal basis. Materials should include previous year's surveys, templates, reference books, and online resources. This will help you understand the basics and practice asking different types of questions.

The best study material that is available is past year's question papers and sample papers released by the consortium.

The paper pattern has changed since 2020 earlier it was fact and principle based now it's completely passage based, Passage of around 400-450 words will be asked the following questions which will be dependent upon the passage provided. Gather all the past year question paper in print format as the exam is pen paper format it'll make you understand how to handle it and scan it accordingly so as to understand the depth of questions and variety of it.

Also, check - CLAT Previous Year Question Papers

3. Understand Legal principles

Legal thinking is strongly based on legal principles. Start by understanding basic legal principles such as the presumption of innocence, burden of proof, and reasonable doubt. These principles form the basis of legal arguments. Explore landmark litigation cases to understand how these principles apply to real-world scenarios.

It is expected out of CLAT aspirants to know certain basic legal maxims and their meanings. Landmark judgements are asked as questions and facts are kept similar to actual judgments and answers are expected according to passages provided and judgements that are pronounced there.

4. Improve your Reading Comprehension

Legal justification questions are often presented in the form of sentences. Good reading comprehension helps you understand the information you are given quickly and accurately. Practice reading newspaper articles, opinion pieces, and legal blogs regularly. This will not only improve your reading speed but also improve your understanding of various legal concepts. CLAT aspirants need to be well aware of current affairs and newspapers, and legal websites provide a view to the problems occurring and solutions provided by the judiciary such editorials are asked in the examination. Thus, reading newspapers is not only a good habit but also a great mental exercise for your upcoming exam.

5. Argument Analysis and Evaluation

Legal reasoning issues often require us to analyse and evaluate arguments based on the information we are given. Strive to strengthen your critical thinking and analytical skills. Practice identifying the main premises, assumptions, and conclusions in your arguments. Look for logical flaws or weaknesses in your argument. As the exam is passage-based it is to be kept in mind that the principles and assumptions are according to the passage only, extra knowledge that one gains must not be applied only and only the knowledge provided in the passage must be used to answer questions.

Also, check - CLAT Preparation 2025: Section-wise Tips

6. Practice Problem-Solving

Practice is the key to a good CLAT legal justification. Solve various practice questions and practice tests to familiarise yourself with different types of legal reasoning problems. Concentrate on distinguishing between correct and incorrect answers based on the information given. Identify patterns and common tricks used in questions to maximise accuracy.

7. Trial testing and time management

Mock exams are an integral part of preparing for CLAT legal thinking. They help you understand the exam process, recognize your strengths and weaknesses, and improve your time management for CLAT exam. Practice solving CLAT mock tests in a mock test environment to get used to the time constraints. Toggle between various sections in different mocks to understand the best strategy and way to apply on D-day.

Also, check - What is a good score in CLAT 2025

8. Learn from your mistakes

As you practise, record and analyse your mistakes. Focus on understanding why you made the mistake and how you could have avoided it. This will help you learn from your mistakes and improve your performance in subsequent practice sessions. Learning from your mistakes is an important aspect of personal and professional growth. Here are some steps you can take to effectively learn from your mistakes. Reach out to others who were involved or witnessed the mistake and seek their perspective or feedback. Ask for constructive criticism and listen to their insights on how the mistake could have been avoided or handled differently.

9. Revisions

Regular repetition is important to retain the concepts and principles learned. Take time to review, ideally weekly. Review all key concepts, legal principles, and problem-solving techniques. Analysis of previous mocks and mistakes to be administered.

CLAT Legal Reasoning Preparation Tips 2025 - Know From Experts

  • Legal discussion questions at CLAT often revolve around current legal issues and landmark cases.
  • Stay up-to-date with the latest legal news by reading newspapers and legal magazines and following relevant online sources. This helps establish context and understand the practical application of the principles of legal thinking.
  • The CLAT evaluates a candidate's comprehension of recent legal developments and concerns. You can better understand the most recent legislation, court rulings, amendments, and legal reforms in a variety of legal fields, including tort, criminal, and constitutional law, by keeping up with legal current events. This information reflects your interest in the topic and your capacity for in-depth analysis of legal concerns.
  • Legal current affairs introduce you to the continuous arguments and squabbles in the legal community. Your ability to present arguments from various perspectives and to create a well-rounded perspective on a variety of legal topics is enhanced by this understanding. You can examine legal issues from a wider societal and political perspective, which could be helpful when responding to essay-based CLAT questions

Clearing CLAT is an accomplishment, aspirants get into prestigious institutions in which not only academics but other extracurricular activities help them to land various great opportunities. As you pass out from NLU various opportunities and a wide range of experiences. As the aspirant is in a prestigious Law school the networking opportunities are skyrocketing as like-minded people join altogether. An outstanding legal career is possible with a high CLAT score. Law graduates can practise law as advocates, serve as legal counsel or consultants for corporations and law firms, pursue further education, or work in the judicial system, among other job options. An outstanding legal career is possible with a high CLAT score.

Law graduates have a variety of professional options, including working as attorneys or consultants in law firms and corporate sectors, continuing higher education, and more. The CLAT covers a wide range of topics, including international law, corporate law, criminal law, and constitutional law. This experience broadens students' knowledge and aids in their exploration of several legal specialities, allowing them to select the one that most closely matches their interests and professional objectives. With CLAT sky's the limit and the horizon is your view, prepare for legal reasoning and various sections asked and stride highest. All the very best to you all.

Also, check - CLAT Marks vs Rank

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. What is legal reasoning?

Legal reasoning is the process of applying legal rules to particular facts and situations in order to reach a legal judgement or conclusion. To develop a solid legal argument, one must comprehend legal principles, examine statutes and case law, and use logical reasoning.

2. Why is legal analysis crucial in the CLAT?

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) includes a section on legal reasoning since it is important for prospective law students to have excellent analytical and logical thinking abilities. A candidate's capacity to comprehend and interpret legal situations, apply legal principles, and offer a well-reasoned analysis is evaluated by the CLAT.

3. How can I strengthen my legal reasoning abilities for the CLAT?

You can: a. Familiarise yourself with fundamental legal concepts, principles, and case law to strengthen your legal thinking abilities.

b. Work on answering legal reasoning problems from prior CLAT exams or practice exams.

b. Examine legal case studies to learn how general legal ideas are put into practice in particular circumstances.

d. Participate in legal discussions and debates to hone your critical thinking skills.

4. What kinds of questions may I anticipate seeing on the CLAT's legal reasoning section?

You can anticipate questions requiring reading comprehension, logical thinking, and legal knowledge in the CLAT's legal reasoning section. You may need to understand legal passages, evaluate arguments, and use legal concepts in order to answer these questions.

5. How should I handle CLAT problems involving legal reasoning?

In order to answer legal reasoning questions well, you should: a. Carefully study and comprehend the scenario or paragraph that is being asked.

b. Determine the pertinent legal laws or principles that pertain to the circumstance.

b. Consider the facts in the context of the cited legal principles.

d. Use logical reasoning to reach a conclusion or choose the choice with the best response.

6. Can I succeed in the legal reasoning section if I don't have any legal training?

Yes, passing the CLAT's legal reasoning component does not require having a background in law. The CLAT's legal reasoning questions are intended to gauge your capacity for logical and critical analysis and interpretation of legal circumstances.. Anyone can succeed in this area with enough practice and legal knowledge.

7. Are there any particular approaches to answering questions about legal reasoning on the CLAT?

Using the following methods, you can answer legal reasoning questions:

a. Become familiar with basic legal principles and concepts.

b. To learn the format and kinds of questions asked, practice answering test questions from prior years.

c. Carefully read the passage and the question, noting any important information or guiding legal concepts that are mentioned.

b. Eliminate choices for unlikely answers through the process of elimination.

a. Point out any logical contradictions in the arguments or response choices.

b. During the exam, maintain composure and use your time wisely.


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Questions related to CLAT

Have a question related to CLAT ?

Hello aspirant,

Yes, you can definitely give clat exam in 2026 as according to the guidelines a student passed or appearing in class 12 th can give clat exam. So you are definitely eligible for clat in 2026.

I wish you all the best for your future journey.

Work hard!

Thank you

Hope this information helps you.


Yes, you are eligible for CLAT exam if you have cleared your class 12 examination from a recognized board with minimum of 45% marks. For SC/ST category students, only 40% aggregate score is required to be eligible for this exam. In addition, students who are currently in their class 12 and are due to pass out in 2025 are also eligible to apply.

For more information, please visit the website by clicking on the link given below:

Hope this information will help you. Best wishes ahead!


To prepare for the CLAT exam:

1. Focus on Legal Aptitude, English Language, Logical Reasoning, General Knowledge, Quantitative Techniques, and Legal Reasoning.

2. Practice solving mock tests and previous papers.

3. Stay updated with current affairs and legal developments.

Hope this helps,

Thank you

Hii There,

Yes, after completing a B.Sc. degree from any recognized university, you are eligible to apply for the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) for admission to various National Law Universities (NLUs) in India for their integrated LLB programs. You can also pursue a traditional LLB program (3-year) from any university that offers it, provided you meet their specific eligibility criteria. It's important to check the individual university's or college's eligibility requirements for their LLB program.

I hope this answers your question.


Hello aspirant,

Hope you are doing great.

As per your question, NO you are not eligible to give CLAT exam this year. Because the eligibility criteria for the CLAT exam provides that, you need to complete your 12th grade and during the filling of application form for the CLAT, you need to put your marks, and without completing 12th you cannot get your marks.

Hope this helps!

View All


Option: 1


Option: 2


Option: 3


Option: 4


125 toffees cost Rs. 75, Find the cost of one million toffees if there is a discount of 40% on the selling price for this quantity.


Option: 1


Option: 2

Rs. 3,20,000

Option: 3


Option: 4


14. Find the present value (in Rs.) of Rs.3000 due after 5 years at 10% p.a. simple interest.

Option: 1


Option: 2


Option: 3


Option: 4


24. Raju took a loan at 8% per annum simple interest for a period of 5 years. At the end of five years he paid Rs.10640 to clear his loan. How much loan did he take?

Option: 1


Option: 2


Option: 3


Option: 4


'A' carelessly left an iron pole across a public road 300 m from that spot was a traffic signal indicating speed limit to be 20 kmph. B, riding a scooter at 80 kmph, noticed the protrusion from a distance, but still could not avoid it, collided with the pole and was injured. In an action by B against A.

Option: 1

B will lose as he was driving very fast

Option: 2

B will lose for some other reasons

Option: 3

B will succeed, because A was careless

Option: 4

B will succeed, because A could have avoided the mishap by putting up a warning

'A' was having a get together with his old friends and on his friend's suggestions, he consumed some alcohol. On his way back to home at night, 'A' heard some footsteps and turning back, he imagined he saw a figure moving towards him with a spear. In fact, it was only a man, 'B' with an umbrella, who was telling 'A' to walk carefully since 'A' appeared to be unsteady. However, 'A' proceeded to attack 'B' with an iron rod leading to grave injuries to 'B'. Is 'A' guilty of causing grievous hurt to 'B'?

Option: 1

No, 'A' is not guilty because in his intoxicated state, the umbrella appeared a spear to him and he exercised his right of private defence.

Option: 2

No, 'A' is not guilty because 'B' could have attacked 'A' with his umbrella

Option: 3

No, 'A' is not guilty because he was intoxicated on the suggestions of his friends and was incapable of knowing that he was savagely attacking a man, who was carrying only an umbrella

Option: 4

Yes, 'A' is guilty because he got intoxicated voluntarily and under the effect of this voluntary intoxication, he attacked and caused grievous injuries to 'B' who posed no threat to him in fart

'A"s cattle was being regularly stolen and 'A' was unable to apprehend the thief. One night, 'A' finally manages to catch 'B' untying his cow from the cowshed under the cover of darkness. 'A' slowly crept up to 'B' and slashed his neck with a sickle leading to the death of 'B' Is 'A' guilty of the offence of culpable homicide?

Option: 1

No, 'A' was only exercising his right of private defence of property

Option: 2

No, 'B' continued stealing of his cattle would have rendered his business inoperable

Option: 3

Yes, 'A' had no reasonable apprehension that 'A' could suffer any grievous hurt if he did not kill 'B'

Option: 4

Yes, 'A' should have first challenged 'B' to surrender before taking any steps to cause 'B's death

A, a 15 year old girl, having been rebuked by her mother leaves her house. At railway station she met the accused who takes her to his house. He provides her clothes, money and ornaments at his house and has sexual intercourse with the girl with her consent. What offence has been committed?

Option: 1

The mother is accused of maltreatment.

Option: 2

The accused is guilty of rape.  

Option: 3

The accused is not guilty.

Option: 4

None of the above.

A, a 15 year old girl, left her mother’s house and joined the accused because her mother has turned down the proposal of her marriage with the accused on the ground that she was too young. While she was with the accused he had sexual intercourse with her against her will. What offence has been committed?

Option: 1 None

Option: 2 None

Option: 3 None

Option: 4 None

A, a chain snatcher, forcibly pulled the ear rings from the ears of an old lady. Both the ear lobes were torn and the old lady suffered pain and suffering for over three weeks. For what offence can A be prosecuted? What offence have been committed?

Option: 1

He is guilty of theft.

Option: 2

A is guilty of voluntarily causing ‘grievous hurt’.

Option: 3

He is guilty of rash and negligent.

Option: 4

None of the above.

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