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What is CLAT? Know all about Common Law Admission Test: Gateway to Prestigious National Law Universities

What is CLAT? Know all about Common Law Admission Test: Gateway to Prestigious National Law Universities

Edited By Shubham Bhakuni | Updated on Jun 19, 2024 10:48 AM IST | #CLAT

The Common Law Admission Test, popularly known as CLAT is a national level law entrance exam in India. The CLAT exam is considered a gateway to prestigious national law universities (NLUs) and other prominent law schools in India. Every year, over 60,000 candidates take the CLAT exam. Most of them compete for 5-year integrated LLB courses offered by NLUs, while around 10,000 participate for LLM admissions.
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The CLAT exam is conducted by the Consortium of National Law Universities (NLUs). The exam is held in December every year. The scores of CLAT are accepted by 24 NLUs, an off-campus of GNLU Gandhinagar in Silvassa and over 60 law schools across the country.

Overview of CLAT Exam

Full name

Common Law Admission Test

Exam date

First week of December every year

Conducting body

Consortium of National Law Universities (CNLU)

Courses offered

5-year integrated LLB and LLM courses

Participating NLUs


CLAT affiliated colleges


Number of test takers for CLAT


Who can apply for CLAT exam?

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is essentially for law aspirants looking to pursue LLB or LLM courses. However, going beyond the admission scenarios, the CLAT exam can also be used to find jobs in Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) and the Indian Army. In short, candidates should apply for CLAT with the following objectives.

  • To seek admission in 5-year integrated LLB courses offered by NLUs and affiliated law schools

  • Jobs offered by PSUs based on CLAT PG scores

  • For Indian Army JAG recruitments

Since CLAT is conducted at two levels - CLAT UG and CLAT PG, candidates applying for the exam should meet the following conditions.

CLAT Eligibility

Candidates must meet the CLAT eligibility criteria before filling up the application form. The eligibility criteria vary depending on the course selection. The details of course-wise eligibility criteria are explained below.

CLAT for LLB courses

  • Candidate must have passed class 12th from a recognised board with at least 45% marks (40% in the case of SC/ST candidates).

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CLAT for LLM course, Indian Army JAG and PSU Recruitments

  • Candidates must have completed an LLB course (3-year LLB or 5-year LLB) with at least 50% marks (45% in the case of SC/ST candidates) from a recognized university.

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CLAT for 3-year LLB?

Many students wonder if CLAT scores can be used for getting admission to 3-year LLB courses. However, the CLAT exam is not conducted for 3-year LLB. The 3-year LLB falls at the postgraduate level, however, it is still equivalent to a 5-year LLB, not an LLM which requires knowledge of various laws.

The CLAT UG is conducted for Class 12th students and therefore cannot be applied for 3-year LLB admissions.

CLAT registration and fees

The consortium releases the CLAT application form in the first week of July every year. The CLAT registration website is Candidates need to fill in personal and communication details, exam centre preferences, reservation status and NLU preferences while filling out the application form for the CLAT exam.

The CLAT registration fee is Rs. 4,000 for General/OBC/PWD/NRI candidates and Rs. 3,500 for SC/ST/BPL candidates. The CLAT registration fee is generally much higher than many other law entrance exams and therefore, often seen as a barrier by underprivileged candidates willing to study law in NLUs.

CLAT syllabus and pattern

Reading, critical thinking and analytical skills are considered essential for a successful career in Law. Therefore, the CLAT syllabus is designed to test these skills. The CLAT UG has five sections;

  • English and comprehension

  • Legal aptitude

  • Logical reasoning

  • Maths

  • General knowledge and current affairs

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Unlike many other law entrance exams, the CLAT UG syllabus is vast and as a result, the question paper turns very lengthy. 120 multiple choice type questions are asked from comprehension-based passages and thus require a lot of reading and analysis of paragraphs.

Since CLAT is not conducted in vernacular languages, English becomes a dominant factor in the entrance exam. This also leads to the criticism that CLAT favours candidates who have previously studied in English medium. The state board students or those who study in regional languages remain at a typical disadvantage as they have to go the extra mile by working on the English language and vocabulary.

CLAT LLM syllabus covers almost every aspect of the LLB course. The subjects in CLAT LLM are taken from the subjects of LLB courses. Candidates are expected to demonstrate a decent understanding of various laws, constitutions, and current legal affairs. The CLAT LLM question paper too has comprehension-based questions. The topics covered in CLAT LLM are mentioned below;

  1. Constitutional Law

  2. Jurisprudence

  3. Administrative Law

  4. Law of Contract

  5. Torts

  6. Family Law

  7. Criminal Law

  8. Property Law

  9. Company Law

  10. Public International Law

  11. Tax Law

  12. Environmental Law

  13. Labour & Industrial Law

NLUs participating in CLAT exam

The CLAT exam is accepted by all National Law Universities (NLUs) except NLU Delhi and NLU Meghalaya. There are 24 NLUs and GNLU’s off-campus that are part of the CLAT consortium and participate in the admission process. The list of such NLUs is given below.

State-wise distribution of NLUs participating in CLAT

S No.





NLSIU Bengaluru



NALSAR Hyderabad


West Bengal

WBNUJS Kolkata


Madhya Pradesh

NLIU Bhopal



NLU Jodhpur



HNLU Raipur



GNLU Gandhinagar


Dadra and Nagar Haveli

GNLU Silvassa Campus


Uttar Pradesh

RMLNLU Lucknow


Punjab, India

RGNUL Patiala



CNLU Patna






NLUO, Odisha, Cuttack



NUSRL Ranchi



NLUJA Assam, Guwahati


Andhra Pradesh

DSNLU Visakhapatnam


Tamil Nadu

TNNLU Tiruchirappalli



MNLU Mumbai



MNLU Nagpur



MNLU Aurangabad


Himachal Pradesh

HPNLU Shimla


Madhya Pradesh

DNLU Jabalpur



DBRANLU, Sonipat, Haryana



NLUT Agartala


Uttar Pradesh

RPNLU Prayagraj

How many candidates appear in CLAT every year: Past trends

As mentioned above, CLAT witnesses the participation of over 60,000 candidates every year. These students are grouped into two categories - 5-year LLB through CLAT UG and LLM through CLAT PG. Over 50,000 candidates opt for CLAT UG alone, whereas around 10,000 candidates appear for CLAT LLM.

CLAT Registrations over the years: Data

How many candidates appear in CLAT every year: Past trends

CLAT vs Other Law Entrance Exams (OLET) comparison

Undoubtedly, CLAT is the most popular law entrance exam in India. However, over 40 law entrance exams are conducted in India. These include university, state and national-level law entrance exams. The major law entrance exams include AILET for NLU Delhi, MH CET Law for Maharashtra law colleges, TS LAWCET for Telangana law colleges, LSAT India for 15+ private law colleges, and CUET law for central universities and 100+ private law schools.

The CLAT exam is very different from OLETs. It is one of the most comprehensive law entrance exams. One major difference between CLAT and OLETs is that most of the OLETs have straightforward objective-type questions whereas CLAT requires reading comprehension passages before answering any question.

Seats offered by NLUs through CLAT

The NLUs offer a combined intake of over 3,300 seats through the CLAT exam. Most of the NLUs offer around 120-180 seats. Among CLAT participating NLUs, NLSIU offers the highest 300 seats in BA LLB. NLIU Bhopal also offers 202 seats. The remaining NLUs offer less than 200 seats. Apart from this, NLUs also offer around 238 seats for NRI/NRI-sponsored candidates. For the LLM programme, the NLUs offer around 1300 seats with a wide range of specializations. Around 55 seats are offered to NRI/NRI-sponsored candidates in LLM courses.

Domicile reservation in NLUs

NLUs also offer domicile reservations at both UG and PG levels. Domicile reservation in CLAT NLU is as per the rules laid down by state governments. Due to this, there is no uniformity in the domicile reservation given by NLUs. It ranges from 25-62% of their intake. For example, NLUs in Maharashtra offer domicile reservation up to 62% of their intake, whereas NLSIU Bengaluru, NALSAR Hyderabad and NLU Jodhpur reserve 25% of their intake for domicile candidates. There are NLUs such as NLIU Bhopal, HNLU Raipur, and CNLU Patna that reserve 50% of seats for domicile candidates.


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Questions related to CLAT

Have a question related to CLAT ?

Hey there,

Your question is incomplete and it doesn't have proper information as you haven't mentioned name of the exam you are looking for and due to the lack of this information it is difficult to answer your question. So I will request you to share your queries with all the proper and specific detail so that we can help you with your questions.

Please send your query again with the specific details and we will be happy to assist you.

Thank you and wishing you all the best for your future.

Hello aspirant,

On July 7, 2024, the Consortium of National Law Universities (NLUs) will publish the CLAT 2025 announcement in a variety of print and digital media. The CLAT 2025 exam date was previously announced by the consortium on May 6. The notice states that the offline CLAT exam 2025 will take place on December 1. Candidates who meet the requirements and would like to participate in CLAT 2025 can register online and submit their applications at, the official website.

For more information you can visit our website by clicking on the link given below.

Thank you

Hope this information helps you.

If you remember registering for CLAT 2024, you should have received a confirmation email or message containing your application number. It might also be available on your account dashboard if you created one on the CLAT website

The admit card for CLAT 2024 (if applicable) likely won't be available yet. Admit cards are typically released a few weeks before the exam. You'll need your CLAT application number and password to download it from the official CLAT website

I hope it helps!

Hello Aspirant  , Hope your doing great . As per your query , if you get first rank in CLAT you have to pay fee in NLUS but yo may get consession but you have to  pay fee

Yes you can absolutely pursue three year LLB course in Common Law Admission Test (CLAT). In contrast with other competitive examinations, CLAT does not have any age limitation. The CLAT registration process for 2025 will start from 15th JULY, 2024 and the exam will be held on 1st December, 2024.

For further information about CLAT 2025 examination, you can click the link attached below.

View All


Option: 1


Option: 2


Option: 3


Option: 4


125 toffees cost Rs. 75, Find the cost of one million toffees if there is a discount of 40% on the selling price for this quantity.


Option: 1


Option: 2

Rs. 3,20,000

Option: 3


Option: 4


14. Find the present value (in Rs.) of Rs.3000 due after 5 years at 10% p.a. simple interest.

Option: 1


Option: 2


Option: 3


Option: 4


24. Raju took a loan at 8% per annum simple interest for a period of 5 years. At the end of five years he paid Rs.10640 to clear his loan. How much loan did he take?

Option: 1


Option: 2


Option: 3


Option: 4


'A' carelessly left an iron pole across a public road 300 m from that spot was a traffic signal indicating speed limit to be 20 kmph. B, riding a scooter at 80 kmph, noticed the protrusion from a distance, but still could not avoid it, collided with the pole and was injured. In an action by B against A.

Option: 1

B will lose as he was driving very fast

Option: 2

B will lose for some other reasons

Option: 3

B will succeed, because A was careless

Option: 4

B will succeed, because A could have avoided the mishap by putting up a warning

'A' was having a get together with his old friends and on his friend's suggestions, he consumed some alcohol. On his way back to home at night, 'A' heard some footsteps and turning back, he imagined he saw a figure moving towards him with a spear. In fact, it was only a man, 'B' with an umbrella, who was telling 'A' to walk carefully since 'A' appeared to be unsteady. However, 'A' proceeded to attack 'B' with an iron rod leading to grave injuries to 'B'. Is 'A' guilty of causing grievous hurt to 'B'?

Option: 1

No, 'A' is not guilty because in his intoxicated state, the umbrella appeared a spear to him and he exercised his right of private defence.

Option: 2

No, 'A' is not guilty because 'B' could have attacked 'A' with his umbrella

Option: 3

No, 'A' is not guilty because he was intoxicated on the suggestions of his friends and was incapable of knowing that he was savagely attacking a man, who was carrying only an umbrella

Option: 4

Yes, 'A' is guilty because he got intoxicated voluntarily and under the effect of this voluntary intoxication, he attacked and caused grievous injuries to 'B' who posed no threat to him in fart

'A"s cattle was being regularly stolen and 'A' was unable to apprehend the thief. One night, 'A' finally manages to catch 'B' untying his cow from the cowshed under the cover of darkness. 'A' slowly crept up to 'B' and slashed his neck with a sickle leading to the death of 'B' Is 'A' guilty of the offence of culpable homicide?

Option: 1

No, 'A' was only exercising his right of private defence of property

Option: 2

No, 'B' continued stealing of his cattle would have rendered his business inoperable

Option: 3

Yes, 'A' had no reasonable apprehension that 'A' could suffer any grievous hurt if he did not kill 'B'

Option: 4

Yes, 'A' should have first challenged 'B' to surrender before taking any steps to cause 'B's death

A, a 15 year old girl, having been rebuked by her mother leaves her house. At railway station she met the accused who takes her to his house. He provides her clothes, money and ornaments at his house and has sexual intercourse with the girl with her consent. What offence has been committed?

Option: 1

The mother is accused of maltreatment.

Option: 2

The accused is guilty of rape.  

Option: 3

The accused is not guilty.

Option: 4

None of the above.

A, a 15 year old girl, left her mother’s house and joined the accused because her mother has turned down the proposal of her marriage with the accused on the ground that she was too young. While she was with the accused he had sexual intercourse with her against her will. What offence has been committed?

Option: 1 None

Option: 2 None

Option: 3 None

Option: 4 None

A, a chain snatcher, forcibly pulled the ear rings from the ears of an old lady. Both the ear lobes were torn and the old lady suffered pain and suffering for over three weeks. For what offence can A be prosecuted? What offence have been committed?

Option: 1

He is guilty of theft.

Option: 2

A is guilty of voluntarily causing ‘grievous hurt’.

Option: 3

He is guilty of rash and negligent.

Option: 4

None of the above.

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