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    CLAT Syllabus 2024 PDF Download - Subject Wise Syllabus, Important Topics, Marks Distribution

    Edited By Shubham Bhakuni | Updated on Dec 30, 2022 10:47 AM IST | #CLAT

    CLAT Syllabus 2024 - The Consortium of National Law Universities (NLUs) has prescribed the CLAT 2024 syllabus for UG and PG programmes. The UG CLAT 2024 syllabus comprises five sections - English language, current affairs including general knowledge, legal reasoning, logical reasoning and quantitative techniques. The CLAT LLM syllabus, on the other hand, is based on major subjects of the LLB programme. Aspirants appearing in Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) should be well-versed with the syllabus as it guides them in their preparation. The NLU Consortium will open the CLAT 2024 registration tentatively in the month of August 2023, at As per the official notification released by the consortium, CLAT 2024 will be held on the month of December. Aspirants can check the detailed CLAT syllabus 2024 below along with the exam pattern and marking scheme.
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    CLAT Syllabus 2024 PDF Download - Subject Wise Syllabus, Important Topics, Marks Distribution
    CLAT Syllabus 2024 PDF Download - Subject Wise Syllabus, Important Topics, Marks Distribution

    CLAT 2024 Syllabus (UG & PG) - General Overview

    CLAT UG Syllabus

    CLAT LLM Syllabus

    English Language

    Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Administrative Law

    Current Affairs, including General Knowledge

    Law of Contract, Torts, Family Law, Criminal Law

    Legal Reasoning

    Property Law, Company Law

    Logical Reasoning

    Public International Law, Tax Law

    Quantitative Techniques

    Environmental Law, and Labour & Industrial Law.

    Detailed UG CLAT Syllabus 2024

    Candidates who are appearing for UG-CLAT 2024 should refer to its syllabus while preparing themselves for the examination. As mentioned above, the UG CLAT syllabus 2024 has five sections, each section carries a fixed weightage in the examination. The details of section-wise marks distribution are given below.

    CLAT 2024 Syllabus - Section-wise distribution of questions


    Number of Questions


    English Language

    28-32 questions

    28 - 32

    Current Affairs, including General Knowledge

    35-39 questions

    35 - 39

    Legal Reasoning

    35-39 questions

    35 - 39

    Logical Reasoning

    28-32 questions

    28 - 32

    Quantitative Techniques

    13-17 questions

    13 - 17




    CLAT%20Syllabus Other Popular Law Entrance Exam

    Section-wise details of UG-CLAT Syllabus 2024

    The UG-CLAT is a comprehension-based paper. In each section, multiple-choice type questions are asked from the comprehension passages. Candidates will have to read the passage carefully to answer the questions. In sections such as maths and logical reasoning, questions can be asked from diagrams that represent some data or information. The section-wise CLAT syllabus is given below.

    CLAT 2024 Syllabus for English Language - Overview


    Important details

    Total weightage


    Type of questions asked

    Comprehension-type passage-based questions

    Source material or content of passages

    Passages of around 450 words will be drawn from contemporary / historically significant fiction & non-fiction writing

    Ability tested

    1. Comprehension and language skills

    2. Ability to draw inferences and conclusions

    3. Ability to summarise passage

    4. Identify arguments and viewpoints

    5. Word meaning and phrases

    Standard of questions

    12th standard

    What to study?

    The language section in CLAT 2024 will require detailed preparation. Candidates will have to develop fast reading skills and the ability to comprehend complex texts. The following study materials will help the candidates in preparing for this section.

    1. Word Power Made Easy by Norman Lewis

    2. High School English Grammar and Composition by Wren & Martin

    3. English newspaper - The Hindu or The Indian Express

    4. Editorials and articles given in newspapers and magazines

    Also, read - How to prepare for CLAT English and comprehension

    CLAT Syllabus for General Knowledge and Current Affairs - Overview


    Important details

    Total weightage


    Type of questions asked

    Comprehension-type passage-based questions - Static general knowledge and current affairs

    Source material or content of passages

    News, journalistic sources, and non-fiction writing.

    Ability tested

    Awareness of following topics

    1. Contemporary events of significance from India and the world;

    2. Arts and culture;

    3. International affairs; and

    4. Historical events of continuing significance.

    Standard of questions

    12th standard

    What to Study?

    The CLAT general knowledge and current affairs section focuses on conceptual understanding instead of rote learning. So, candidates will have to prepare for this section in a detailed manner. Reading newspaper articles and editorials is an important part of CLAT preparation. The following study material can be referred to while preparing for CLAT current affairs and general knowledge.

    1. Lucent’s General Knowledge

    2. Pratiyogita Darpan

    3. Newspapers - The Hindu or The Indian Express or any other good newspaper

    4. Websites on current affairs for CLAT and UPSC Civil Services

    5. NCERT books for understanding basic geography, history, polity and economics

    CLAT 2023 College Predictor
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    Also read - How to prepare for CLAT current affairs

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    CLAT Syllabus for Legal Reasoning - Overview


    Important details

    Total weightage


    Type of questions asked

    Comprehension-type passage of 450 words each followed by objective type questions

    Content of passages

    Fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions, or moral philosophical inquiries.

    Focus area

    1. General awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues

    2. Identify and infer the rules and principles given in the passage.

    3. Apply rules and principles to various fact situations

    4. Ability to understand how changes to the rules or principles may change their application to various fact situations.

    Standard of questions

    12th standard

    CLAT legal aptitude - What to Study?

    Legal aptitude is one of the most important sections in CLAT 2024. It will have questions testing the candidate's understanding of the law and its various aspects. The legal aptitude section will test the knowledge of the law on one hand, and the candidate’s awareness of current legal issues on the other hand. Thus, candidates will have to prepare for both types of questions. The following study material and topics can be referred to for CLAT legal aptitude.

    1. Bare Acts of Indian Constitution

    2. Legal Awareness and Legal Aptitude by AP Bhardwaj

    3. Universal’s CLAT Guide

    4. Newspapers - The Hindu or The Indian Express

    5. Websites on current affairs for CLAT and legal issues

    Important topics for CLAT legal aptitude

    1. Indian Constitution - Fundamental Rights, Duties, Judiciary, Parliament, Directive Principles of State Policy, Local governments

    2. Important amendments and provisions

    3. Important judgments

    4. Current legal affairs

    Also read - How to prepare for CLAT legal reasoning

    CLAT Syllabus for Logical Reasonings - Overview


    Important details

    Total weightage


    Type of questions asked

    Passage-based (300-word long) objective questions

    Content of passages

    Based on sets and arguments, puzzles, diagrams, relationships and others

    Skills to be tested

    1. Ability to identify arguments and their premises and draw conclusions

    2. Ability to critically analyse patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence

    3. Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations

    4. Draw relationships and analogies,

    5. Identify contradictions and equivalence, and assess the effectiveness of arguments.

    Standard of questions

    12th standard

    What to study?

    To prepare for CLAT logical reasoning, candidates will have to practice the questions that are asked in the examination. There are a few topics in logical reasoning that are included in CLAT syllabus, candidates will need to identify them by solving previous year questions and then practice questions that are in a similar pattern. The following books can be used for CLAT logical reasoning.

    1. Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning by RS Aggarwal

    2. Analytical and Logical Reasoning by R.S. Aggarwal

    3. Analytical Reasoning by MK Pandey

    Important topics to study

    1. Analogies

    2. Series

    3. Seating arrangement

    4. Syllogisms

    5. Blood relations

    6. Logical sequences and matching

    7. Calendars and clocks

    Also read - How to prepare for CLAT logical reasoning

    CLAT 2024 Syllabus for Quantitative Techniques


    Important details

    Total weightage


    Type of questions asked

    Sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial, or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions.

    Skills to be tested

    1. Derive, infer, and manipulate numerical information set out in such passages, graphs, or other representations; and

    2. Apply various 10th-standard mathematical operations

    Standard of questions

    Class 10th

    What to study?

    Similar to logical reasoning, preparation for CLAT maths will require a lot of practice. Candidates are advised to solve previous year papers to understand the types of questions asked in this section. Meanwhile, to learn basic mathematical operations, candidates should refer to the books mentioned below.

    1. Quantitative Aptitude by RS Aggarwal

    2. Elementary Mathematics with Numerical Ability

    3. Class 10th NCERT Textbook

    Important topics to be covered

    Candidates should try to improve their numerical skills by practising questions from the following topics.

    1. Ratios and proportions,

    2. Basic algebra,

    3. Mensuration

    4. Statistical estimation

    5. Algebra

    CLAT LLM Syllabus 2024

    At the postgraduate level, the CLAT LLM syllabus includes major subjects of LLB (3-year LLB and 5-year LLB). The topics included in the syllabus are mentioned below.

    CLAT syllabus for LLM

    Constitutional Law

    Law of Torts

    Administrative law

    Criminal Law

    Family law

    Labour and industrial law

    Property law

    Public international law


    Company law

    Intellectual Property Law

    International Law

    Tax law

    Law of Contracts

    Environmental law

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    CLAT LLM Question Pattern 2024 - Test structure

    The CLAT LLM will have one section - The objective section. There is no descriptive section. The objective section will have 100 multiple-choice questions, with each carrying one mark.

    CLAT LLM pattern for 2024


    Number of MCQ questions


    Constitutional Law



    Other Law Subjects including Contracts, tort, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR and Jurisprudence.






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    CLAT Exam Pattern 2024

    Candidates should also be aware of the CLAT test pattern which carries details such as the number and types of questions asked in the exam, format of the test, marking scheme, test duration and other related details. It helps the candidates in making informed decisions regarding their CLAT preparation. Candidates can check the exam pattern details below.

    CLAT 20243 exam pattern





    Offline, Pen and paper-based

    Offline, Pen and paper-based


    Two hours

    Two hours




    Type of questions

    Multiple choice type questions from comprehension passages

    Multiple choice type questions from comprehension passages

    Number of questions


    Objective section - 120 questions

    Descriptive section - N/A

    Marking scheme

    Each question will carry one mark

    Each incorrect answer will invite a penalty of 0.25 marks.

    Each multiple-choice question will carry one mark

    For objections questions, each incorrect answer will invite a penalty of 0.25 marks.

    Total marks



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    Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

    1. What type of questions will be asked in CLAT 2024?

    In CLAT 2024, objective types questions will be asked from comprehension passages.

    2. How many questions will be asked in CLAT UG 2024?

    In CLAT 2024 UG, 150 questions will be asked. Each question will carry one mark.

    3. Will there be any negative marking in CLAT 2024?

    Yes, for each incorrect answer, a negative marking of 0.25 marks will be applicable in CLAT 2024. However, no marks will be deducted for unanswered questions.

    4. What are the topics included in CLAT UG syllabus?

    The CLAT UG syllabus included topics such as English language, Mathematics, Legal aptitude, Logical reasoning and General knowledge and current affairs.

    5. What type of questions are asked in CLAT LLM?

    In CLAT LLM, there will be 120 objective type questions. The questions are framed from common subjects of LLB programme and legal current affairs. There will not be any descriptive section this year.

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    Questions related to CLAT

    Have a question related to CLAT ?
    Hello Vanshika,
    Hope you are doing good.
    So, generally there is no such thing called syllabus for the CLAT. However, for the purpose of general knowledge section, you will have to study, Constitution, Current affairs,   Static GK, History and Geography as well.
    So it's not about topics, just read everything barely and get to know the gist of the subject. That's it. For this you remember certain important articles like articles related to fundamental rights, fundamental duties, appointment and impeachment of judges, president, etc. Appointment of election commissioners, their powers and all. Just have in your mind the articles related to them and the powers entrusted with such articles.
    Good luck!!

    Hey aspirant,

    The below-mentioned resource pools the host relevant preparatory content to crack the CLAT examination.

    1.LegalEdge - TopRankers

    2. Success Mantra

    3. LawPrep Tutorial

    4. CLAT Possible

    5. HitBullsEye

    6. Law Entrance CL-LST

    7. Time

    8. Study IQ

    9. Abhyaas Law Prep

    10. Delhi Law Academy

    Good luck!

    Hello aspirant,

    Candidates will be asked questions in this section based on texts that are up to 450 words long each. The passages will draw from non-fiction writing, journalism, and other news sources. The questions are designed to evaluate the candidate's understanding of legal concepts or concepts linked to the passing. Candidates should be aware that there won't be any questions posed beyond the passage provided. Each of these chapters will include a series of questions that will test your general knowledge and awareness of relevant current events. The following topics have been included in this area by the Consortium of NLUs:

    Important recent happenings in India and around the globe

    Culture and the Arts

    the world's affairs

    Historical occurrences that are still important today

    A few pointers for preparing for the CLAT in current affairs

    1.Take a look at the test from last year.

    Understanding the structure of the general knowledge section of the CLAT is crucial after learning about it. 40–50 multiple-choice questions are present in this section. Verify the CLAT test questions from previous years to get a sense of the questions that were asked. Start practising using the available offline and online CLAT sample questions from previous years after you have a general idea of the format. You can get better grades by answering questions correctly and by being aware of the trend.

    2. Keep yourself updated and practise regularly

    Success in anything requires practise and consistency. If you want to ace all the general knowledge questions, be sure to stay up to date on current affairs and keep your knowledge current. By studying the topic for a few days, you cannot successfully answer general knowledge questions. The knowledge must be acquired gradually (at least for a year). Along with responding and practising questions, make sure you stay up to date with global current events. Keep up with the news and read the newspaper daily to keep current.

    3. Take CLAT practise exams

    Do you wish to understand how the CLAT test actually feels? Utilize practise tests! Attending practise exams will increase your accuracy and entrance preparation while also boosting your confidence in your ability to pass the test.

    Many centres provide test series. Numerous internet platforms offer practise examinations. Choose a mode that is convenient for you. Take practise tests for each subject so you can determine your general knowledge subject strengths and weaknesses. Additionally, try to deliver at least ten full mock exams to get a feel for the actual exam.

    4.Select your study materials carefully.

    One of the factors that will have the biggest impact on your CLAT score is the study material you choose. There is a tonne of study material available, both online and offline. By selecting the greatest and most precise study materials, you can have an idea of how the entrance exam will be. Numerous offline and online study resources make the claim to be able to assist you in passing the CLAT, but in reality they are full of inaccurate material and questions. Choose reading material that closely follows the format of the current exam and is appropriate for your level of comprehension.

    5. Eliminate speculative thinking

    The answer out of the four options would be something you would be reasonably certain of if you had done a decent job of studying for the general knowledge test. If you don't know the solution to a question, don't base your decision on conjecture. For each question you successfully respond to, you will receive one mark; if you don't, you will receive 0.25 marks less. You won't receive a point deduction for providing a negative response. Pick the correct response if you are certain. If not, your best option is to ignore the question about which you are confused.

    6.Limit Your Sources

    Attempt to limit the amount of current affairs information you consume. Candidate mistakes usually involve spending time by reading multiple newspapers. Make a choice, then utilise the internet sensibly. Use a top book for the CLAT  Current Affairs section.

    7.Pay attention to the curriculum

    Always bear in mind to concentrate on the topics covered in the CLAT UG curriculum when attempting to completely cover this section. After all, more passages should be expected for these subjects.

    8.Build your own notes

    The focus of current affairs is one-liners or, at best, three to four lines. Make your notes as simple to understand and retain the information as you can. All the important notes should be underlined using a distinct colour of ink. It is crucial to take your own notes because it has been established that writing is one of the finest ways to retain information. Remember that it would be impossible to memorise everything as well.

    9. Use online examinations or practise exams.

    Practice questions on current events and general knowledge are the greatest way to ace this section. This will also provide you a general sense of the questions that will be asked, helping you to assess your level of preparation or monitor your progress. But you shouldn't try this until you've made a few preparations.

    10.Use the Internet responsibly.

    There is enough material on the internet to cover anything, but how do you decide which link to click? A collection of General Knowledge pdfs that will certainly help you with your preparation for this subject is the most significant thing you will find. Before beginning to study something, it is always advisable to confirm its credibility.

    11. Review what you've read.

    Daily review and reading of current events are crucial because their volume increases daily. The notes will be helpful for review and for keeping in mind current affairs or recent news.

    I hope these suggestions prove to be helpful to you.

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