All about Judicial Service Examination: Application Process, Eligibility, Syllabus
Indian Judicial Service Examination - Indian Judicial Service Examination or the Provincial Civil Service Judicial Examination (PCS-J) is an entry level exam for law graduates. It is not mandatory for law graduates to appear in All India Bar examination to appear for Judicial Services Examination. Through this exam law graduates can become district magistrates, additional district magistrates, or as a district court judge in India. The members are appointed by the state governments under the supervision of the respective high court, based on Judicial Services Examinations. Every High Court has under its supervision the members of the subordinate judiciary of the state that falls under its jurisdiction. Members of the subordinate judiciary (popularly known as the judicial service or the PCS (J)-Provincial Civil Service-Judicial) occupy the offices of the presiding officers of various courts right up to the post of District Judge.
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States Conducting Judicial Service Examination
In total, 24 states in India conduct Judicial Service examinations nearly every year. These are as mentioned below.
Jammu & Kashmir
Each of these states has its own eligibility criteria for Judicial Services Examination in the form of age limit, number of attempts, and official language, and others.
Also Read | All about All India Bar Examination
Eligibility Criteria for Judicial Service Examination
Lower Judiciary Services –
The eligibility criteria for appearing in Judicial Services Examination is:
Candidates must be citizens of India
He/she should be enrolled or qualified to be enrolled as an Advocate under the Advocates’ Act 1961.
Final year candidates can also give the exam and no experience is required for the exam.. The age limit is usually between 21 to 35 years. However, it varies according to the state. In some states the upper age limit is 40+ years.
Higher Judiciary Services – Candidates must be law graduates with a minimum number of years of litigating practice; usually seven years.
Application Process for Judicial Service Exams
The exams for the judiciary are conducted rather unexpectedly. All the states release their application forms separately.
The prelims exam for Judicial services are conducted after one month from the date of opening of the application form.
For some states, the application form of Judicial Services Examinations are released on the official website of the state High Court. For example, the High Court of Haryana notifies about the judicial service examination on its official website - highcourtchd.gov.in.
Whereas, there are states releasing their application form in their respective Public Commission State website, for example: In the state of Maharashtra the application form of Judicial services examinations are released by the state public service commission in its website - mpsc.gov.in.
After filling up the application form, aspirants are required to pay a prescribed fee that varies for the general and reserved categories.
Stages of Judicial Services Examination
Aspirants willing to serve as a civil judge/district magistrate/additional district magistrates need to clear three of the exams. These stages are:
Judicial Services Examination - Preliminary
The exam comprises objective type questions. It only serves the purpose of screening candidates before they appear for mains. The marks secured by a candidate in this section are not considered for the final selection.
Judicial Services Examination - Mains
At the second stage of Judicial Services Examination, the mains exams are conducted. The Judicial Services Exams for Mains are generally conducted after 20 to 40 days after the declaration of prelims results. This is the reason why the aspirants start preparing for judicial service examinations during their college days.
The Judicial Services Mains exams are subjective in nature, mainly comprises three to four papers. The marks scored in mains are considered for the final selection.
Judicial Services Examination Interview
This is the final stage of the selection procedure. At this stage, candidates are assessed based on their general interest, intelligence, personality, etc
Aspirants after clearing all the stages and then qualifying for the merit list will be able to join the respective state’s judicial academy for a year to be trained as a Judge.
Successful candidates will be taught about the legal or judicial procedures, manners of being a judge as well as the duties and power the position carries.
After successful completion of training the candidates will be appointed as judges of lower courts or tribunals.
Syllabus for Judicial Services Examination
The syllabus for judiciary exams differs from state to state. The procedural law and substantive laws are similar for all the states, however the local language and local laws differ from state to state. The prelims syllabus for Judicial Services Examination is broadly divided into Civil law, Criminal Law and Language paper. The weightage of the language paper is around 20 per cent to 35 per cent. The mains examination consists of six to seven papers and almost 70 per cent of the questions are asked from law.
Judicial Services Examination Syllabus for Preliminary Examination
In preliminary exams the questions are covered generally from the following topics:
Contract Law and Tort Law
General Knowledge and Current Affairs
IPC, CPC, CrPC, and The Indian Evidence Act
Proficiency in English Language and Aptitude
Transfer of Property law
Questions are also asked from the general knowledge sectio. The important topics under general knowledge include the following:
Communications and Space
Current National Issues & topics of Social relevance.
Geography of India.
History of India.
India and the World.
International Affairs and Institutions.
Science and Technology etc.
However, some states cover a few additional topics in their preliminary exams as provided below:
Indian Judicial Service Examination - State Wise Subjects
Delhi judicial service examination
Principles Governing Arbitration Law, the Partnership Act
Goa Judicial Service Examination
Sales of Goods Act, Land laws of Goa, The Scheduled Tribe and Scheduled Caste (Prevention of Atrocities Act, 1989)
Kerala Judicial Service Exam
Kerala Building (Lease and Rent Control) Act
Madhya Pradesh Judicial Services Exam
Madhya Pradesh Accommodation Control Act, Madhya Pradesh Land Revenue Code
Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Manipur, and Nagaland -judicial services examination
Proficiency in the official language of respective states
Bihar Judicial Service examination
Elementary general Science, Administrative law, Hindu and Muslim personal laws, Principles of Equity, Law of trusts, Specific Relief Act, Commercial law
Chhattisgarh Judicial Service examination
Accommodation Control Act, Court fees act, Registration Act and Chhattisgarh Land revenue code, Limitation, and Specific relief acts
Karnataka judicial service examination
Karnataka Rent Act
Syllabus for Judicial service examination mains
The syllabus for each state in the mains exam differs. Below is a list of syllabus for the judicial service mains exam of different states:
Delhi Judicial services examination syllabus
General Knowledge and Language Current affairs, Essay, Translation, and precise writing
Civil Law 1 - Indian Sale of Goods Act, Indian Partnership Act, Indian Contract Act, Specific Relief Act, Hindu Law, Muslim Law, Delhi Rent control Act, and Law of Torts
Civil Law 2 – Law of Evidence, Law of Limitation, Civil Procedure Code, and Law of Registration
Criminal Law -Criminal Procedure Code, Indian penal code and Indian Evidence Act
UP Judicial Services Syllabus
Law –I (Substantive Law) - Constitutional law , Hindu law, law of trust and specific relief, Mohammedan law, the law concerning easements and torts, law of contracts, law of partnership, law relating to the principles of equity, law relating to transfer of property
Law – II (Procedure and Evidence) - Code of civil procedure, evidence of witnesses, framing of charges, practical matters, principles of pleading, conduct of cases, criminal procedure code, law of evidence, writing of judgment
Law – III (Penal, Revenue and Local Laws)
Indian penal code, land reforms Act 1951, Uttar Pradesh, the Uttar Pradesh zamindari abolition, consolidation of holdings Act, 1953, Panchayat Raj act, Urban buildings (regulation of letting, rent and eviction) act, 1972, Uttar Pradesh municipalities act, Uttar Pradesh urban (planning and development) act 1973.
West Bengal Judicial Service Exam Syllabus
English composition, essay and precise writing, bengali /hindi /urdu/nepali / santali composition, essay & translation from english to hindi to bengali/hindi/urdu/nepali/santali, general knowledge and current affairs, civil procedure code, criminal procedure code and Indian penal code, indian evidence act, law of contracts and torts, transfer of property act
Candidates shall take up any three of the following papers : hindu law, mohammedan law, jurisprudence and principles of legislation, indian law relating to companies & insurance, principles of equity including the law of trusts and specific relief, partnership act, law of limitation and law of prescription, the indian constitution & constitutional law
Bihar Judicial Service exam syllabus
Part 1- Compulsory paper
General knowledge including current affairs
elementary science, general hindi, general english, law of evidence and procedure, hindi and english are compulsory papers but only qualifying in nature
Part 2 - Optional paper
constitutional law of india and england, hindu and muslim law, transfer of property, principles of equity, law of trusts and specific relief act, law of contract and torts, commercial law
MP Judiciary Syllabus
Civil Law and procedure
Criminal law and procedure
Writing skill, court practice, translation, and current legal knowledge
Jharkhand Judiciary syllabus
Indian penal code, code of criminal procedure code, indian evidence act, limitation act
Civil procedure code, transfer of property, indian contract act, sales of goods act, arbitration and conciliation act
Hindu law, muslim law, rent control law, specific relief act, and jurisprudence
Hindi and english
Goa Judicial services examination syllabus
The indian contract act, 1872, the specific relief act, 1963, the limitation act, 1963, sales of goods act, 1930, indian partnership act, 1932, the code of civil procedure code, 1908, transfer of property act, 1882, the easement act,1882, family laws in goa, land laws in Goa
The code of criminal procedure code, 1973, the indian penal code, 1860 the evidence act,1872, the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes (prevention of atrocities) act, 1989, the negotiable instruments act, 1881, essay on current legal topics
Haryana and Punjab judiciary syllabus
Civil law I -code of civil procedure, punjab courts act, indian contract act, indian sale of goods act, indian partnership act, specific relief act
Civil law II - Hindu law, muslim law and customary law, law of registration and limitation
Criminal law - Indian penal code, code of criminal procedure, indian evidence act
English- essay, words and phrases , comprehension, corrections
Language- hindi in devanagari script
Odisha judicial service exam syllabus
Procedural laws - civil procedure code, criminal procedure code, indian evidence act
Optional papers - Law of crime and law of torts, hindu and muslim law, law of property, law of contract, jurisprudence, and constitution of India
Karnataka judicial service exam syllabus
: Translation Paper – Depositions, judgments, and documents
Law paper I – Civil procedure code, criminal procedure code, indian evidence act, principles of pleading and Indian constitution
Law paper II – Framing of issues and writing judgments in civil cases
Law paper III -Framing of charges and writing judgments in criminal cases
Himachal Pradesh Judicial Service Exam Syllabus
: Civil law I -code of civil procedure, indian stamp act, indian evidence act, himachal pradesh courts act, specific relief act
Civil Law II - Indian contract act, hindu law, transfer of property act, himachal pradesh urban rent control act, indian limitation act
Criminal law - indian penal code, code of criminal procedure, chapter xvii of negotiable instruments act, hp excise act, wildlife protection act, Indian forest act
Language (100 Marks)
Rajasthan judiciary syllabus
: Law paper I- Constitution of india, civil procedure code, contact law, tort laws, motor vehicle law, rent control law, personal laws, law of transfer of property
Law paper II- criminal law, narcotic law, law relating to cybercrimes and electricity theft, law of probation, law on juvenile delinquency
Language paper I- Hindi essay writing and grammar
Language paper II- English essay writing, translation, and grammar
Sikkim judicial service exam syllabus
Procedural law, local law, indian evidence act, limitation act
Hindu law, contract law, sales of goods act, partnership act, specific relief act, general clauses act, transfer of property act, indian penal code, constitutional law
Uttarakhand judicial service exam syllabus
Evidence and procedure
Revenue and criminal law
The present-day- current affairs and general knowledge
Kerala judicial service exam syllabus
English grammar, general essays, translation of malayalam documents and depositions to english, precise writing
Indian contract act, transfer of property, limitation act, specific relief act, easements act, kerala building act, hindu succession act, indian succession act, dissolution of muslim marriage act, kerala court fees and suits valuation act, kerala stamp act, legal services authorities act, the kerala panchayat raj act, kerala municipality act, negotiable instruments act and registration act
Indian penal code, indian evidence act, abkari act, negotiable instruments act, the protection of women from domestic violence act, juvenile justice act, kerala police act, probation of offenders act, forest act, ndps act
Code of civil procedure, civil rules of practice, kerala civil courts act code of criminal procedure, criminal rules of practice, framing of charges and issues, judgment writing
Other states judicial exam syllabus
Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland, Mizoram, Maharashtra, and Jammu & Kashmir Judicial service exam syllabus
Paper I : Essay, precise writing, grammar
Paper-II: Objective test, aptitude test
Paper III : Transfer of property, civil procedure code, indian contract act, constitution of india
Paper IV: Indian penal code, crpc, law of torts, indian evidence act
Chhattisgarh judicial service exam syllabus
Framing of issues and writing of judgment in civil cases , framing of charges and writing of judgment in criminal cases , translation: english to hindi , hindi to english
Restrictions for Candidates in Judicial Service Examination
Law graduates can fill the application form individually for each state they want to appear. There are no such restrictions in terms of how many states the candidate wants to appear in. However, there are some restrictions in the judicial service examination that the candidates should be aware of:
Restriction of age
In some states the upper age limit to fill the application forms are 32 whereas in some it can be 48 years. So candidates should carefully consider the age restriction before filling the application form.
Restriction in the number of attempts
In some states the number of attempts are 6 whereas in some it is 4. So candidates should carefully assess the number of attempts before appearing for the examination.
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Questions related to AIBE
2022 all india bar exam date plese sir
Bar Council of India (BCI) releases AIBE XVII (17) 2022 exam date on its official website - allindiabarexamination.com. The officials have not yet released the information regarding the date of the exam. There is no information from the officials regarding the exam schedule yet. Keep an eye on the official website or the link below for the latest information. Bar Council of India conducts All India Bar Examination (AIBE) for 3-year LLB and 5-year LLB graduates and issues the Certificate of Practice (CoP) to the qualified candidates.
kindly specify the date of 17th AIBE examination
The Bar Council of India will conduct the All India Bar Examination (AIBE) XVII (17) 2022 tentatively in August 2022. The 17th bar examination will be held in offline, pen and paper mode. The officials have not yet declared any dates. Keep an eye on the official website or the link below for the latest information. The application form of AIBE XVII (17) 2022 will be released soon, at the official website - allindiabarexamination.com. https://law.careers360.com/articles/aibe-application-form
Hi I am planning to pursue LLB course in Tamilnadu. I am presently a CA, will I be permitted to enroll with State Bar Council after completion of LLB. Is there any condition that I should not earn any income during the course period. Regards Nathan
Hello Nathan, there is no such condition as not being allowed to work or earn during your LLB. Yu are completely free to continue your CA practice during your LLB course. It might be difficult for you to manage time when you simultaneously continue to work in two fields. However, it is completely up to you.
You will definitely be eligible to write in the State Bar Council Exam.
Can i give AIBE exam after a few years of my graduation? like example i have graduated in 2021 but i give exams in 2022 i.e after one year.
AIBE stands for All India Bar Examination , is a national level exam conducted by Bar council of India for law graduates willing to start practice of lawyers.
This exam has no limitation of number of attempts and age. Yes, you can give exam after few years of graduation any number of times.
But there is a minimum eligibility criteria of having LLB degree of minimum 3 years of duration . Please note that the exam is only conducted once a year which is of 210 minutes duration.
It will be more helpful for you to read Careers360 AIBE blog at: https://law.careers360.com/exams/aibe
I hope it covers your query.
can you provide us AIBE sample paper in gujarati langauage
Hope you're doing great...!
So, with regard of you're query .The All India Bar Examination (AIBE) is a test that determines an advocate's ability to practise law in India. Sample papers in Gujarati are accessible on the website that I am supplying you with here:
Hope this will helps you...!